B2M, also known as β2-Microglobulin or CDABP0092, is a component of MHC class I molecules found expression in all nucleated cells (excludes red blood cells). The major function of MHC class I moleculesis is to display fragments of proteins from within the cell to T-cells and cells containing foreign proteins will be attacked. B2M(β2-Microglobulin) is a low molecular weight protein. It was demonstrated that B2M(β2-Microglobulin) was localized in the membranes of nucleated cells and was found to be associated with HL-A antigens.B2M(β2- Microglobulin) is present in free form in various body fluids and as a subunit of histocompatibility antigens on cell surfaces lateral to theα3 chain. Unlikeα3, β2 has no transmembrane region. Directly above β2 lies the α1 chain, which itself is lateral to the α2. In the absence of B2M(β2 microglobulin), very limited amounts of MHC class I (classical and non-classical) molecules can be detected on the surface. In the absence of MHC class I, CD8 T cells, a subset of T cells involved in the development of acquired immunity cannot develop. Low levels of B2M(β2 microglobulin) can indicate non-progression of HIV.
Rat Beta-2-microglobulin/B2M Recombinant Protein (RPES3582)
Met 1-Met 119
<1.0 EU per µg of the protein as determined by the LAL method
A DNA sequence encoding the rat B2M (P07151) (Met 1-Met 119) was expressed, fused with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.
> 97 % as determined by SDS-PAGE
AP Mol Mass:
Lyophilized from sterile PBS, pH 7.4
This product is provided as lyophilized powder which is shipped with ice packs.
Stability and Storage:
Lyophilized proteins are stable for up to 12 months when stored at -20 to -80°C. Reconstituted protein solution can be stored at 4-8°C for 2-7 days. Aliquots of reconstituted samples are stable at < -20°C for 3 months.