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B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602) Fluorometric Cell-Based ELISA Kit

SKU:
FBCAB00045
Product type:
ELISA Kit
ELISA Type:
Cell Based
€599

Description

Technical Manual

B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602) Cell-Based ELISA Kit

The B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602) Cell-Based ELISA Kit is a convenient, lysate- free, high throughput and sensitive assay kit that can monitor B-RAF phosphorylation and expression profile in cells. The kit can be used for measuring the relative amounts of phosphorylated B-RAF in cultured cells as well as screening for the effects that various treatments, inhibitors (ie. siRNA or chemicals), or activators have on B-RAF phosphorylation.

How does our B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602) Fluorometric Cell-Based ELISA Kit work?

Qualitative determination of B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602) concentration is achieved by an indirect ELISA format. In essence, B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602) is captured by B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602)-specific primary (1°) antibodies while Dye 1-conjugated and Dye 2-conjugated secondary (2°) antibodies bind the Fc region of the 1° antibody. Through this binding, the dye conjugated to the 2° antibody can emit light at a certain wavelength given proper excitation, hence allowing for a fluorometric detection method. Due to the qualitative nature of the Cell-Based ELISA, multiple normalization methods are needed:

1. A monoclonal antibody specific for human GAPDH is included to serve as an internal positive control in normalizing the target RFU values.
2. An antibody against the nonphosphorylated counterpart of B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602) is also provided for normalization purposes. The RFU values obtained for non-phosphorylated B-RAF can be used to normalize the RFU value for phosphorylated B-RAF.

B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602) Fluorometric Cell-Based ELISA Kit -Information

Product Name:B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602) Fluorometric Cell-Based ELISA Kit
Product Code/SKU:FBCAB00045
Description:The B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602) Fluorometric Cell-Based Phospho ELISA Kit is a convenient, lysate-free, high throughput and sensitive assay kit that can monitor B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602) protein phosphorylation and expression profile in cells. The kit can be used for measuring the relative amounts of phosphorylated B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602) in cultured cells as well as screening for the effects that various treatments, inhibitors (ie. siRNA or chemicals, or activators have on BRAF1 phosphorylation.
Dynamic Range:> 5000 Cells
Detection Method:Fluorometric
Storage/Stability:4°C/6 Months
Reactivity:Human, Mouse, Rat
Assay Type:Cell-Based ELISA
Database Links:Gene ID: 673, UniProt ID: P15056, OMIM #: 114500/115150/164757/211980/605027, Unigene #: Hs.550061
Format:Two 96-Well Plates
NCBI Gene Symbol:BRAF1
Sub Type:Phospho
Target Name:Phospho-B-RAF (Ser602)

Kit Principle

Figure: Schematic representation of Assay Genie Cell-Based Fluorometric ELISA principle

Kit components

Quantity

96-Well Black Cell CultureClear-Bottom Microplate2 plates
10X TBS24 ml
Quenching Buffer24 ml
Blocking Buffer50 ml
15X Wash Buffer50 ml
Primary Antibody Diluent12 ml
100x Anti-Phospho Target Antibody 60 µl
100x Anti-Target Antibody60 µl
Anti-GAPDH Antibody110 µl
Dye-1 Conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Antibody6 ml
Dye-2 Conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Antibody6 ml
Adhesive Plate Seals2 seals

Additional equipment and materials required

The following materials and/or equipment are NOT provided in this kit but are necessary to successfully conduct the experiment:

  • Fluorescent plate reader with two channels at Ex/Em: 651/667 and 495/521
  • Micropipettes capable of measuring volumes from 1 µl to 1 ml
  • Deionized or sterile water (ddH2O)
  • 37% formaldehyde (Sigma Cat# F-8775) or formaldehyde from other sources
  • Squirt bottle, manifold dispenser, multichannel pipette reservoir or automated microplate washer
  • Graph paper or computer software capable of generating or displaying logarithmic functions
  • Absorbent papers or vacuum aspirator
  • Test tubes or microfuge tubes capable of storing ≥1 ml
  • Poly-L-Lysine (Sigma Cat# P4832 for suspension cells)
  • Orbital shaker (optional)

Kit Protocol

This is a summarized version of the kit protocol. Please view the technical manual of this kit for information on sample preparation, reagent preparation and plate lay out.

1.Seed 200 µl of desired cell concentration in culture medium into each well of the 96-well plates. For suspension cells and loosely attached cells, coat the plates with 100 µl of 10 µg/ml Poly-L-Lysine (not included) to each well of a 96-well plate for 30 minutes at 37°C prior to adding cells.
2.Incubate the cells for overnight at 37°C, 5% CO2.
3.Treat the cells as desired.
4.Remove the cell culture medium and rinse with 200 µl of 1x TBS, twice.
5.Fix the cells by incubating with 100 µl of Fixing Solution for 20 minutes at room temperature. The 4% formaldehyde is used for adherent cells and 8% formaldehyde is used for suspension cells and loosely attached cells.
6.Remove the Fixing Solution and wash the plate 3 times with 200 µl 1x Wash Buffer for 3 minutes. The plate can be stored at 4°C for a week.
7.Add 100 µl of Quenching Buffer and incubate for 20 minutes at room temperature.
8.Wash the plate 3 times with 1x Wash Buffer for 3 minutes each time.
9.Dispense 200 µl of Blocking Buffer and incubate for 1 hour at room temperature.
10. Wash 3 times with 200 µl of 1x Wash Buffer for 3 minutes each time.
11.Add 50 µl of Primary Antibody Mixture P to corresponding wells for B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602) detection. Add 50 µl of Primary Antibody Mixture NP to the corresponding wells for total B-RAF detection. Cover the plate with parafilm and incubate for 16 hours (overnight) at 4°C. If the target expression is known to be high, incubate for 2 hours at room temperature.
12.Wash 3 times with 200 µl of 1x Wash Buffer for 3 minutes each time.
13.Add 50 ul of Secondary Antibody Mixture to corresponding wells and incubate for 1.5 hours at room temperature in the dark.
14.Wash 3 times with 200 µl of 1x Wash Buffer for 3 minutes each time.
15.Read the plate(s) at Ex/Em: 651/667 (Dye 1) and 495/521 (Dye 2). Shield plates from direct light exposure.
16.Wash 3 times with 200 µl of 1x Wash Buffer for 5 minutes each time.

B-RAF (Phospho-Ser602) - Protein Information

UniProt Protein Function:BRAF: a tyrosine kinase-like kinase of the RAF family. Involved in the transduction of mitogenic signals from the cell membrane to the nucleus. May play a role in the postsynaptic responses of hippocampal neuron. Frequently mutated in thyroid cancers, skin melanomas and at lower frequency in a wide range of human cancers. An activating mutation, mimicking phosphorylation of the activation loop, is seen in 60% of malignant melanoma samples. Raf mutations are generally exclusive to Ras activating mutations. Activating mutations are also seen in ~10% of colorectal cancers, in lung cancers and gliomas, and at a lower rate in several other tumors. Inactivating mutations are also seen and may result in activation of c-Raf and Erk. Mutations in B-Raf, MEK1 and MEK2 also associated with cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome, displaying morphological, cardiac and mental defects. Approved Inhibitor: Nexavar/Sorafenib.
UniProt Protein Details:

Protein type:Kinase, protein; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor); Protein kinase, TKL; Oncoprotein; EC 2.7.11.1; TKL group; RAF family

Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 7q34

Cellular Component: neuron projection; mitochondrion; plasma membrane; cytosol; nucleus

Molecular Function:small GTPase binding; protein serine/threonine kinase activity; identical protein binding; protein binding; MAP kinase kinase kinase activity; mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase binding; protein heterodimerization activity; calcium ion binding; ATP binding; protein kinase activity

Biological Process: positive T cell selection; response to peptide hormone stimulus; fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway; response to cAMP; CD4-positive, alpha beta T cell differentiation; activation of MAPKK activity; nerve growth factor receptor signaling pathway; somatic stem cell maintenance; protein heterooligomerization; MAPKKK cascade; protein amino acid phosphorylation; positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; regulation of cell proliferation; synaptic transmission; organ morphogenesis; myeloid progenitor cell differentiation; small GTPase mediated signal transduction; positive regulation of stress fiber formation; visual learning; negative regulation of neuron apoptosis; negative regulation of apoptosis

Disease: Noonan Syndrome 1; Noonan Syndrome 7; Lung Cancer; Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome 1; Leopard Syndrome 3

NCBI Summary:This gene encodes a protein belonging to the raf/mil family of serine/threonine protein kinases. This protein plays a role in regulating the MAP kinase/ERKs signaling pathway, which affects cell division, differentiation, and secretion. Mutations in this gene are associated with cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome, a disease characterized by heart defects, mental retardation and a distinctive facial appearance. Mutations in this gene have also been associated with various cancers, including non-Hodgkin lymphoma, colorectal cancer, malignant melanoma, thyroid carcinoma, non-small cell lung carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma of lung. A pseudogene, which is located on chromosome X, has been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
UniProt Code:P15056
NCBI GenInfo Identifier:50403720
NCBI Gene ID:673
NCBI Accession:P15056.4
UniProt Secondary Accession:P15056,Q13878, Q3MIN6, Q9UDP8, Q9Y6T3, A4D1T4, B6HY61 B6HY62, B6HY63, B6HY64, B6HY65, B6HY66,
UniProt Related Accession:P15056
Molecular Weight:84kDa
NCBI Full Name:Serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf
NCBI Synonym Full Names:B-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase
NCBI Official Symbol:BRAF  
NCBI Official Synonym Symbols:NS7; BRAF1; RAFB1; B-RAF1  
NCBI Protein Information:serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf; 94 kDa B-raf protein; proto-oncogene B-Raf; v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B; v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1; murine sarcoma viral (v-raf) oncogene homolog B1; B-Raf proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase (p94)
UniProt Protein Name:Serine/threonine-protein kinase B-raf
UniProt Synonym Protein Names:Proto-oncogene B-Raf; p94; v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1
Protein Family:Serine/threonine-protein kinase
UniProt Gene Name:BRAF  
UniProt Entry Name:BRAF_HUMAN