EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197) Fluorometric Cell-Based ELISA Kit

SKU:
FBCAB00063
Product type:
ELISA Kit
ELISA Type:
Cell Based
€599

Description

Technical Manual

EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197) Cell-Based ELISA Kit

The EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197) Cell-Based ELISA Kit is a convenient, lysate- free, high throughput and sensitive assay kit that can monitor EGFR phosphorylation and expression profile in cells. The kit can be used for measuring the relative amounts of phosphorylated EGFR in cultured cells as well as screening for the effects that various treatments, inhibitors (ie. siRNA or chemicals), or activators have on EGFR phosphorylation.

How does our EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197) Fluorometric Cell-Based ELISA Kit work?

Qualitative determination of EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197) concentration is achieved by an indirect ELISA format. In essence, EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197) is captured by EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197)-specific primary (1°) antibodies while Dye 1-conjugated and Dye 2-conjugated secondary (2°) antibodies bind the Fc region of the 1° antibody. Through this binding, the dye conjugated to the 2° antibody can emit light at a certain wavelength given proper excitation, hence allowing for a fluorometric detection method. Due to the qualitative nature of the Cell-Based ELISA, multiple normalization methods are needed:

1. A monoclonal antibody specific for human GAPDH is included to serve as an internal positive control in normalizing the target RFU values.
2. An antibody against the nonphosphorylated counterpart of EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197) is also provided for normalization purposes. The RFU values obtained for non-phosphorylated EGFR can be used to normalize the RFU value for phosphorylated EGFR.

EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197) Fluorometric Cell-Based ELISA Kit -Information

Product Name:EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197) Fluorometric Cell-Based ELISA Kit
Product Code/SKU:FBCAB00063
Description:The EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197) Fluorometric Cell-Based Phospho ELISA Kit is a convenient, lysate-free, high throughput and sensitive assay kit that can monitor EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197) protein phosphorylation and expression profile in cells. The kit can be used for measuring the relative amounts of phosphorylated EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197) in cultured cells as well as screening for the effects that various treatments, inhibitors (ie. siRNA or chemicals, or activators have on EGFR phosphorylation.
Dynamic Range:> 5000 Cells
Detection Method:Fluorometric
Storage/Stability:4°C/6 Months
Reactivity:Human, Mouse, Rat
Assay Type:Cell-Based ELISA
Database Links:Gene ID: 1956, UniProt ID: P00533, OMIM #: 131550/211980, Unigene #: Hs.488293
Format:Two 96-Well Plates
NCBI Gene Symbol:EGFR
Sub Type:Phospho
Target Name:Phospho-EGFR (Tyr1197)

Kit Principle

Figure: Schematic representation of Assay Genie Cell-Based Fluorometric ELISA principle

Kit components

Quantity

96-Well Black Cell CultureClear-Bottom Microplate2 plates
10X TBS24 ml
Quenching Buffer24 ml
Blocking Buffer50 ml
15X Wash Buffer50 ml
Primary Antibody Diluent12 ml
100x Anti-Phospho Target Antibody 60 µl
100x Anti-Target Antibody60 µl
Anti-GAPDH Antibody110 µl
Dye-1 Conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Antibody6 ml
Dye-2 Conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Antibody6 ml
Adhesive Plate Seals2 seals

Additional equipment and materials required

The following materials and/or equipment are NOT provided in this kit but are necessary to successfully conduct the experiment:

  • Fluorescent plate reader with two channels at Ex/Em: 651/667 and 495/521
  • Micropipettes capable of measuring volumes from 1 µl to 1 ml
  • Deionized or sterile water (ddH2O)
  • 37% formaldehyde (Sigma Cat# F-8775) or formaldehyde from other sources
  • Squirt bottle, manifold dispenser, multichannel pipette reservoir or automated microplate washer
  • Graph paper or computer software capable of generating or displaying logarithmic functions
  • Absorbent papers or vacuum aspirator
  • Test tubes or microfuge tubes capable of storing ≥1 ml
  • Poly-L-Lysine (Sigma Cat# P4832 for suspension cells)
  • Orbital shaker (optional)

Kit Protocol

This is a summarized version of the kit protocol. Please view the technical manual of this kit for information on sample preparation, reagent preparation and plate lay out.

1.Seed 200 µl of desired cell concentration in culture medium into each well of the 96-well plates. For suspension cells and loosely attached cells, coat the plates with 100 µl of 10 µg/ml Poly-L-Lysine (not included) to each well of a 96-well plate for 30 minutes at 37°C prior to adding cells.
2.Incubate the cells for overnight at 37°C, 5% CO2.
3.Treat the cells as desired.
4.Remove the cell culture medium and rinse with 200 µl of 1x TBS, twice.
5.Fix the cells by incubating with 100 µl of Fixing Solution for 20 minutes at room temperature. The 4% formaldehyde is used for adherent cells and 8% formaldehyde is used for suspension cells and loosely attached cells.
6.Remove the Fixing Solution and wash the plate 3 times with 200 µl 1x Wash Buffer for 3 minutes. The plate can be stored at 4°C for a week.
7.Add 100 µl of Quenching Buffer and incubate for 20 minutes at room temperature.
8.Wash the plate 3 times with 1x Wash Buffer for 3 minutes each time.
9.Dispense 200 µl of Blocking Buffer and incubate for 1 hour at room temperature.
10. Wash 3 times with 200 µl of 1x Wash Buffer for 3 minutes each time.
11.Add 50 µl of Primary Antibody Mixture P to corresponding wells for EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197) detection. Add 50 µl of Primary Antibody Mixture NP to the corresponding wells for total EGFR detection. Cover the plate with parafilm and incubate for 16 hours (overnight) at 4°C. If the target expression is known to be high, incubate for 2 hours at room temperature.
12.Wash 3 times with 200 µl of 1x Wash Buffer for 3 minutes each time.
13.Add 50 ul of Secondary Antibody Mixture to corresponding wells and incubate for 1.5 hours at room temperature in the dark.
14.Wash 3 times with 200 µl of 1x Wash Buffer for 3 minutes each time.
15.Read the plate(s) at Ex/Em: 651/667 (Dye 1) and 495/521 (Dye 2). Shield plates from direct light exposure.
16.Wash 3 times with 200 µl of 1x Wash Buffer for 5 minutes each time.

EGFR (Phospho-Tyr1197) - Protein Information

UniProt Protein Function:EGFR: a receptor tyrosine kinase. This is a receptor for epidermal growth factor (EGF) and related growth factors including TGF-alpha, amphiregulin, betacellulin, heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor, GP30, and vaccinia virus growth factor. EGFR is involved in the control of cell growth and differentiation. It is a single-pass transmembrane tyrosine kinase. Ligand binding to this receptor results in receptor dimerization, autophosphorylation (in trans), activation of various downstream signaling molecules and lysosomal degradation. It can be phosphorylated and activated by Src. Activated EGFR binds the SH2 domain of phospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma), activating PLC-gamma-mediated downstream signaling. Phosphorylated EGFR binds Cbl, leading to its ubiquitination and degradation. Grb2 and SHC bind to phospho-EGFR and are involved in the activation of MAP kinase signaling pathways. Phosphorylation on Ser and Thr residues is thought to represent a mechanism for attenuation of EGFR kinase activity. EGFR is overexpressed in breast, head and neck cancers, correlating with poor survival. Activating somatic mutations are seen in lung cancer, corresponding to the minority of patients with strong responses to the EGFR inhibitor Iressa (gefitinib). Mutations and amplifications are also seen in glioblastoma, and upregulation is seen in colon cancer and neoplasms. In xenografts, inhibitors synergize with cytotoxic drugs in the inhibition of many tumor types. Inhibitors include: Iressa/ZD1839, Erbitux, Tarceva, and lapatinib. Four alternatively spliced isoforms have been described.
UniProt Protein Details:

Protein type:Tumor suppressor; Protein kinase, tyrosine (receptor); Protein kinase, TK; Kinase, protein; Membrane protein, integral; EC 2.7.10.1; TK group; EGFR family

Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 7p12

Cellular Component: extracellular space; endoplasmic reticulum membrane; nuclear membrane; cell surface; focal adhesion; basolateral plasma membrane; integral to membrane; lipid raft; Golgi membrane; membrane; perinuclear region of cytoplasm; cytoplasm; apical plasma membrane; plasma membrane; AP-2 adaptor complex; endosome membrane; nucleus; receptor complex; endosome

Molecular Function:identical protein binding; epidermal growth factor receptor activity; epidermal growth factor binding; nitric-oxide synthase regulator activity; transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity; receptor signaling protein tyrosine kinase activity; protein phosphatase binding; protein kinase binding; actin filament binding; integrin binding; protein binding; transmembrane receptor activity; enzyme binding; MAP kinase kinase kinase activity; protein heterodimerization activity; ubiquitin protein ligase binding; protein-tyrosine kinase activity; double-stranded DNA binding; chromatin binding; glycoprotein binding; ATP binding

Biological Process: circadian rhythm; diterpenoid metabolic process; positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process; nerve growth factor receptor signaling pathway; activation of MAPKK activity; alkanesulfonate metabolic process; protein insertion into membrane; positive regulation of vasodilation; G1/S-specific positive regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity; positive regulation of MAP kinase activity; positive regulation of fibroblast proliferation; cell-cell adhesion; ovulation cycle; cell surface receptor linked signal transduction; hair follicle development; positive regulation of superoxide release; negative regulation of mitotic cell cycle; positive regulation of DNA repair; fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway; digestive tract morphogenesis; response to osmotic stress; phospholipase C activation; response to hydroxyisoflavone; hydrogen peroxide metabolic process; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; response to oxidative stress; regulation of nitric-oxide synthase activity; response to calcium ion; negative regulation of protein catabolic process; positive regulation of epithelial cell proliferation; negative regulation of apoptosis; negative regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway; axon guidance; tongue development; embryonic placenta development; peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation; translation; protein amino acid autophosphorylation; positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation; signal transduction; positive regulation of synaptic transmission, glutamatergic; learning and/or memory; positive regulation of cell proliferation; salivary gland morphogenesis; response to stress; regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation; epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway; ossification; phosphoinositide-mediated signaling; MAPKKK cascade; liver development; cell proliferation; positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling cascade; cerebral cortex cell migration; calcium-dependent phospholipase A2 activation; positive regulation of vasoconstriction; innate immune response; positive regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; astrocyte activation; positive regulation of DNA replication; positive regulation of phosphorylation; response to cobalamin; positive regulation of cell migration; lung development; positive regulation of inflammatory response

Disease: Lung Cancer

NCBI Summary:The protein encoded by this gene is a transmembrane glycoprotein that is a member of the protein kinase superfamily. This protein is a receptor for members of the epidermal growth factor family. EGFR is a cell surface protein that binds to epidermal growth factor. Binding of the protein to a ligand induces receptor dimerization and tyrosine autophosphorylation and leads to cell proliferation. Mutations in this gene are associated with lung cancer. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode different protein isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]
UniProt Code:P00533
NCBI GenInfo Identifier:2811086
NCBI Gene ID:1956
NCBI Accession:P00533.2
UniProt Secondary Accession:P00533,O00688, O00732, P06268, Q14225, Q68GS5, Q92795 Q9BZS2, Q9GZX1, Q9H2C9, Q9H3C9, Q9UMD7,
UniProt Related Accession:P00533
Molecular Weight:69,228 Da
NCBI Full Name:Epidermal growth factor receptor
NCBI Synonym Full Names:epidermal growth factor receptor
NCBI Official Symbol:EGFR  
NCBI Official Synonym Symbols:ERBB; HER1; mENA; ERBB1; PIG61; NISBD2  
NCBI Protein Information:epidermal growth factor receptor; proto-oncogene c-ErbB-1; cell growth inhibiting protein 40; cell proliferation-inducing protein 61; receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-1; avian erythroblastic leukemia viral (v-erb-b) oncogene homolog
UniProt Protein Name:Epidermal growth factor receptor
UniProt Synonym Protein Names:Proto-oncogene c-ErbB-1; Receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-1
Protein Family:Pro-epidermal growth factor
UniProt Gene Name:EGFR  
UniProt Entry Name:EGFR_HUMAN