PIVKA-II ELISA Kit (HUES03441)

SKU:
HUES03441
€299

Description

ELISA Kit Technical ManualMSDS

Human PIVKA-II ELISA Kit

This ELISA kit uses Sandwich-ELISA as the method. The micro ELISA plate provided in this kit has been pre-coated with an antibody specific to Human PIVKA-II . Standards or samples are added to the appropriate micro ELISA plate wells and combined with the specific antibody. Then a biotinylated detection antibody specific for Human PIVKA-II and Avidin-Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) conjugate are added to each micro plate well successively and incubated. Free components are washed away. The substrate solution is added to each well. Only those wells that contain Human PIVKA-II, biotinylated detection antibody and Avidin-HRP conjugate will appear blue in color. The enzyme-substrate reaction is terminated by adding Stop Solution and the color turns yellow. The optical density (OD) is measured spectrophotometrically at a wavelength of 450 nm ± 2 nm. The OD value is proportional to the concentration of Human PIVKA-II. The concentration of Human PIVKA-II in samples can be calculated by comparing the OD of the samples to the standard curve.

Assay type Sandwich
Format 96T
Assay time 4.5h
Reactivity Human
Detection Method Colormetric
Detection Range 0.16-10 ng/mL
Sensitivity 0.10 ng/mL
Sample Volume Required Per Well 100uL
Sample Type Serum, plasma and other biological fluids

Specificity

This kit recognizes Human PIVKA-II in samples. No significant cross-reactivity or interference between Human PIVKA-II and analogues was observed.

Typical Data

As the OD values of the standard curve may vary according to the conditions of the actual assay performance (e.g. operator, pipetting technique, washing technique or temperature effects), the operator should establish a standard curve for each test. Typical standard curve and data is provided below for reference only.

Concentration
(ng/mL)
O.DAverageCorrected
10 2.402
2.416
2.409 2.345
5 1.513
1.545
1.529 1.465
2.5 0.831
0.817
0.824 0.76
1.25 0.424
0.464
0.444 0.38
0.63 0.252
0.238
0.245 0.181
0.32 0.158
0.158
0.158 0.094
0.16 0.112
0.114
0.113 0.049
0 0.055
0.073
0.064 --

Precision

Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): 3 samples with low, mid range and high level Human PIVKA-II were tested 20 times on one plate, respectively.

Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays): 3 samples with low, mid range and high level Human PIVKA-II were tested on 3 different plates, 20 replicates in each plate.

 Intra-assay PrecisionInter-assay Precision
Sample 1 2 3 1 2 3
n 20 20 20 20 20 20
Mean (ng/mL) 0.46 1.03 4.96 0.44 1.01 4.78
Standard deviation 0.03 0.05 0.24 0.03 0.05 0.23
C V (%) 6.52 4.85 4.84 6.82 4.95 4.81

Recovery

The recovery of Human PIVKA-II spiked at three different levels in samples throughout the range of the assay was evaluated in various matrices.

Sample TypeRange (%)Average Recovery (%)
Serum (n=5) 93-107 100
EDTA plasma (n=5) 92-103 97
Cell culture media (n=5) 87-98 92

Linearity

Samples were spiked with high concentrations of Human PIVKA-II and diluted with Reference Standard & Sample Diluent to produce samples with values within the range of the assay.

  Serum (n=5)EDTA plasma (n=5)Cell culture media (n=5)
1:2 Range (%) 87-102 94-107 98-111
Average (%) 94 99 105
1:4 Range (%) 86-100 83-98 87-103
Average (%) 93 90 94
1:8 Range (%) 91-103 79-92 82-95
Average (%) 97 86 89
1:16 Range (%) 89-100 82-98 83-98
Average (%) 94 89 89

Kit Components & Storage

An unopened kit can be stored at 4'C for 1 month. If the kit is not used within 1 month, store the items separately according to the following conditions once the kit is received.

ItemSpecificationsStorage
Micro ELISA Plate(Dismountable) 8 wells ×12 strips -20'C, 6 months
Reference Standard 2 vials
Concentrated Biotinylated Detection Ab (100×) 1 vial, 120 uL
Concentrated HRP Conjugate (100×) 1 vial, 120 uL -20'C(shading light), 6 months
Reference Standard & Sample Diluent 1 vial, 20 mL 4'C, 6 months
Biotinylated Detection Ab Diluent 1 vial, 14 mL
HRP Conjugate Diluent 1 vial, 14 mL
Concentrated Wash Buffer (25×) 1 vial, 30 mL
Substrate Reagent 1 vial, 10 mL 4'C(shading light)
Stop Solution 1 vial, 10 mL 4'C
Plate Sealer 5 pieces  
Product Description 1 copy
Certificate of Analysis 1 copy

PIVKA-II ELISA Kit (HUES03441) Assay procedure

    1. Set standard, test sample and control (zero) wells on the pre-coated plate and record theirpositions. It is recommended to measure each standard and sample in duplicate. Note: addall solutions to the bottom of the plate wells while avoiding contact with the well walls. Ensuresolutions do not foam when adding to the wells.
    2. Aliquot 100µl of standard solutions into the standard wells.
    3. Add 100µl of Sample / Standard dilution buffer into the control (zero) well.
    4. Add 100µl of properly diluted sample (serum, plasma, tissue homogenates and otherbiological fluids) into test sample wells.
    5. Cover the plate with the sealer provided in the kit and incubate for 90 min at 37°C.
    6. Aspirate the liquid from each well, do not wash. Immediately add 100µL of BiotinylatedDetection Ab working solution to each well. Cover the plate with a plate seal and gently mix.Incubate for 1 hour at 37°C.
    7. Aspirate or decant the solution from the plate and add 350µL of wash buffer to each welland incubate for 1-2 minutes at room temperature. Aspirate the solution from each well andclap the plate on absorbent filter paper to dry. Repeat this process 3 times. Note: a microplatewasher can be used in this step and other wash steps.
    8. Add 100µL of HRP Conjugate working solution to each well. Cover with a plate seal andincubate for 30 min at 37°C.
    9. Aspirate or decant the solution from each well. Repeat the wash process for five times asconducted in step 7.
    10. Add 90µL of Substrate Reagent to each well. Cover with a new plate seal and incubate forapproximately 15 min at 37°C. Protect the plate from light. Note: the reaction time can beshortened or extended according to the actual color change, but not by more than 30min.
    11. Add 50 µL of Stop Solution to each well. Note: Adding the stop solution should be done inthe same order as the substrate solution.
    12. Determine the optical density (OD value) of each well immediately with a microplate readerset at 450 nm.
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Additional Information

Product type:
ELISA
Reactivity:
Human
ELISA Type:
Sandwich
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