Human Cdk2 ELISA Kit

SKU:
HUFI01666
€599

Description

ELISA Kit Technical ManualMSDS

Human CDK2 (Cyclin-dependent kinase 2) ELISA Kit - Information

The Assay Genie Human CDK2 (Cyclin-dependent kinase 2) ELISA Kit can assay for Human CDK2 in the following samples: serum, blood, plasma, cell culture supernatant and other related supernatants and tissues.

How our Human CDK2 (Cyclin-dependent kinase 2) ELISA Kits Work?

The Assay Genie (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays) assay kits are designed for the quantitative measurement of analytes in a wide variety of samples. As today's scientists demand high quality consistent data for high impact journals, Assay Genie have developed our range of sensitive, fast and reliable ELISA kit assays to meet and exceed those demands. Our assay kits use a quantitative sandwich ELISA technique and each kit comes with highly specific antibodies pre-coated onto a 96-well microtiter plate.

At Assay Genie we understand the need for speed! Therefore, we have developed an ultra-fast protocol meaning you achieve your results rapidly. So, once you have prepared and plated your samples, blanks and standards, you simply incubate with a highly specific biotin-conjugated primary antibody and Avidin conjugated to Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) and incubate for the appropriate length of time. After washing the plate according to the protocol and addition of the TMB (3,3',5,5'-Tetramethylbenzidine) solution, the appearance of a blue colour should be detected due to an enzymatic reaction catalysed by HRP. Next step is the addition of the Stop Solution which terminates the HRP reaction and the blue colour turns yellow with the signal intensity measured on a plate reader at 450nm. The amount of bound Human CDK2 is proportional to the signal generated by the reaction meaning the kit assay gives you a quantitative measurement of the analyte in your samples.

Human CDK2 (Cyclin-dependent kinase 2) ELISA Kit Data

Product Code

HUFI01666

UniprotP24941
Alias

CDK2, Cyclin-dependent kinase 2, Cell division protein kinase 2, p33 protein kinase, CDKN2, cdc2-related protein kinase, Cell division kinase 2

Detection method

Sandwich ELISA, Double Antibody

Application

This immunoassay kit allows for the in vitro quantitative determination of Human CDK2 concentrations in serum plasma and other biological fluids.

Size

96T

Range

0.313-20ng/ml

Sensitivity

0.188ng/ml

Storage

4'C for 6 months

Recovery

Matrices listed below were spiked with certain level of Human CDK2 and the recovery rates were calculated by comparing the measured value to the expected amount of Human CDK2 in samples.

MatrixRecovery range(%)Average(%)
serum(n=5)85-10292
EDTA plasma(n=5)88-10496
UFH plasma(n=5)86-10193
Linearity

The linearity of the kit was assayed by testing samples spiked with appropriate concentration of Human CDK2 and their serial dilutions. The results were demonstrated by the percentage of calculated concentration to the expected.

Sample1:21:41:8
serum(n=5)89-96%85-103%88-102%
EDTA plasma(n=5)82-97%83-94%82-101%
UFH plasma(n=5)80-97%88-98%86-94%
CV(%)

Intra-Assay: CV<8%
Inter-Assay: CV<10%

Note

For Research Use Only

Human CDK2 (Cyclin-dependent kinase 2) ELISA Kit Protocol

The below protocol is a sample protocol for Human CDK2 (Cyclin-dependent kinase 2) ELISA Kit using a biotinylated detection antibody and streptavidin-HRP. Sandwich ELISA Kits allow for the detection and quantification of an analyte in a sample by using known analyte concentrations as standards and plotting absorbance of known concentrations vs known standard concentrations. This allows the researcher to calculate the amount of Human CDK2 Antibody present in their sample.

Before adding to wells, equilibrate the SABC working solution and TMB substrate for at least 30 min at 37°C. When diluting samples and reagents, they must be mixed completely and evenly. It is recommended to plot a standard curve for each test.

Assay Protocol:

1.Set standard, test sample and control (zero) wells on the pre-coated plate respectively, and then, record their positions. It is recommended to measure each standard and sample in duplicate. Wash plate 2 times before adding standard, sample and control (zero) wells!
2.Aliquot 0.1ml standard solutions into the standard wells.
3.Add 0.1 ml of Sample / Standard dilution buffer into the control (zero) well.
4.Add 0.1 ml of properly diluted sample ( Human serum, plasma, tissue homogenates and other biological fluids.) into test sample wells.
5.Seal the plate with a cover and incubate at 37 °C for 90 min.
6.Remove the cover and discard the plate content, clap the plate on the absorbent filter papers or other absorbent material. Do NOT let the wells completely dry at any time. Wash plate X2.
7.Add 0.1 ml of Biotin- detection antibody working solution into the above wells (standard, test sample & zero wells). Add the solution at the bottom of each well without touching the side wall.
8.Seal the plate with a cover and incubate at 37°C for 60 min.
9.Remove the cover, and wash plate 3 times with Wash buffer. Let wash buffer rest in wells for 1 min between each wash.
10.Add 0.1 ml of SABC working solution into each well, cover the plate and incubate at 37°C for 30 min.
11.Remove the cover and wash plate 5 times with Wash buffer, and each time let the wash buffer stay in the wells for 1-2 min.
12.Add 90 µl of TMB substrate into each well, cover the plate and incubate at 37°C in dark within 10-20 min. (Note: This incubation time is for reference use only, the optimal time should be determined by end user.) And the shades of blue can be seen in the first 3-4 wells (with most concentrated standard solutions), the other wells show no obvious color.
13.Add 50 µl of Stop solution into each well and mix thoroughly. The color changes into yellow immediately.
14. Read the O.D. absorbance at 450 nm in a microplate reader immediately after adding the stop solution.

Human CDK2 (Cyclin-dependent kinase 2) ELISA Kit components

96 Assays

Storage

ELISA Microplate (Dismountable)8×12 strips4°C for 6 months
Lyophilized Standard24°C/-20°C
Sample/Standard Dilution Buffer20ml4°C
Biotin-labeled Antibody(Concentrated)120ul4°C (Protect from light)
Antibody Dilution Buffer10ml4°C
HRP-Streptavidin Conjugate(SABC)120ul4°C (Protect from light)
SABC Dilution Buffer10ml4°C
TMB Substrate10ml4°C (Protect from light)
Stop Solution10ml4°C
Wash Buffer(25X)30ml4°C
Plate Sealer5 -

Other materials and equipment required:

The Assay Genie Human CDK2 (Cyclin-dependent kinase 2) ELISA Kit will require other equipment and materials to carry out the assay. Please see list below for further details.
  • Microplate reader with 450 nm wavelength filter
  • Multichannel Pipette, Pipette, microcentrifuge tubes and disposable pipette tips
  • Incubator
  • Deionized or distilled water
  • Absorbent paper
  • Buffer resevoir

Sample Preparation

When carrying out an ELISA assay it is important to prepare your samples in order to achieve the best possible results. Below we have a list of procedures for the preparation of samples for different sample types.

Sample TypeProtocol

Serum

If using serum separator tubes, allow samples to clot for 30 minutes at room temperature. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Collect the serum fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.

If serum separator tubes are not being used, allow samples to clot overnight at 2-8°C. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Remove serum and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.

Plasma

Collect plasma using EDTA or heparin as an anticoagulant. Centrifuge samples at 4°C for 15 mins at 1000 × g within 30 mins of collection. Collect the plasma fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles. Note: Over haemolysed samples are not suitable for use with this kit.

Urine & Cerebrospinal Fluid

Collect the urine (mid-stream) in a sterile container, centrifuge for 20 mins at 2000-3000 rpm. Remove supernatant and assay immediately. If any precipitation is detected, repeat the centrifugation step. A similar protocol can be used for cerebrospinal fluid.

Cell culture supernatant

Collect the cell culture media by pipette, followed by centrifugation at 4°C for 20 mins at 1500 rpm. Collect the clear supernatant and assay immediately.

Cell lysates

Solubilize cells in lysis buffer and allow to sit on ice for 30 minutes. Centrifuge tubes at 14,000 x g for 5 minutes to remove insoluble material. Aliquot the supernatant into a new tube and discard the remaining whole cell extract. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.

Tissue homogenates

The preparation of tissue homogenates will vary depending upon tissue type. Rinse tissue with 1X PBS to remove excess blood & homogenize in 20ml of 1X PBS (including protease inhibitors) and store overnight at ≤ -20°C. Two freeze-thaw cycles are required to break the cell membranes. To further disrupt the cell membranes you can sonicate the samples. Centrifuge homogenates for 5 mins at 5000xg. Remove the supernatant and assay immediately or aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C.

Tissue lysates

Rinse tissue with PBS, cut into 1-2 mm pieces, and homogenize with a tissue homogenizer in PBS. Add an equal volume of RIPA buffer containing protease inhibitors and lyse tissues at room temperature for 30 minutes with gentle agitation. Centrifuge to remove debris. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.

Breast Milk

Collect milk samples and centrifuge at 10,000 x g for 60 min at 4°C. Aliquot the supernatant and assay. For long term use, store samples at -80°C. Minimize freeze/thaw cycles.

Human CDK2 Protein Information

UniProt Protein Function:CDK2: a protein kinase of the CDK family. An important component of the cell cycle machinery. Activity of CDK2 is maximal during S phase and G2. Cdk2/cyclin E kinase activity is important for the G1 to S transition and phosphorylates the Rb protein. In S-phase, active cdk2/cyclin A complexes predominate and phosphorylate E2F, and the active cdk2 complex persists in the nucleus through G2. Part of the Rb pathway disregulated in most tumors. Target of several candidate cancer drugs. However, inhibition does not always prevent cancer cell growth, possibly due to CDK redundancy. Inhibitors: BMS-265246, BMS-265246-01, R-roscovitine (CYC200, CYC202), SU9516, R547, L868276
UniProt Protein Details:

Protein type:Kinase, protein; EC 2.7.11.22; Protein kinase, CMGC; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor); Cell cycle regulation; CMGC group; CDK family; CDK1 subfamily; CDK/CDK1 subfamily

Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 12q13

Cellular Component: Cajal body; centrosome; chromosome, telomeric region; X chromosome; condensed chromosome; cytosol; Y chromosome; nucleoplasm; transcription factor complex; cytoplasm; cyclin-dependent protein kinase holoenzyme complex; nucleus; endosome

Molecular Function:cyclin binding; protein binding; cyclin-dependent protein kinase activity; metal ion binding; histone kinase activity; ATP binding

Biological Process: G1 DNA damage checkpoint; meiosis; mitosis; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; histone phosphorylation; DNA repair; DNA damage response, signal transduction by p53 class mediator resulting in cell cycle arrest; peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; regulation of ubiquitin-protein ligase activity during mitotic cell cycle; anaphase-promoting complex-dependent proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process; cell division; positive regulation of cell proliferation; Ras protein signal transduction; mitotic cell cycle; DNA replication; G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle; blood coagulation; centrosome duplication; potassium ion transport; G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle; positive regulation of DNA replication initiation

NCBI Summary:This gene encodes a member of a family of serine/threonine protein kinases that participate in cell cycle regulation. The encoded protein is the catalytic subunit of the cyclin-dependent protein kinase complex, which regulates progression through the cell cycle. Activity of this protein is especially critical during the G1 to S phase transition. This protein associates with and regulated by other subunits of the complex including cyclin A or E, CDK inhibitor p21Cip1 (CDKN1A), and p27Kip1 (CDKN1B). Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]
UniProt Code:P24941
NCBI GenInfo Identifier:116051
NCBI Gene ID:1017
NCBI Accession:P24941.2
UniProt Secondary Accession:P24941,O75100, A8K7C6,
UniProt Related Accession:P24941
Molecular Weight:30,035 Da
NCBI Full Name:Cyclin-dependent kinase 2
NCBI Synonym Full Names:cyclin-dependent kinase 2
NCBI Official Symbol:CDK2
NCBI Official Synonym Symbols:CDKN2; p33(CDK2)
NCBI Protein Information:cyclin-dependent kinase 2; p33 protein kinase; cdc2-related protein kinase; cell division protein kinase 2
UniProt Protein Name:Cyclin-dependent kinase 2
UniProt Synonym Protein Names:Cell division protein kinase 2; p33 protein kinase
Protein Family:Cyclin-dependent kinase
UniProt Gene Name:CDK2
UniProt Entry Name:CDK2_HUMAN
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Additional Information

Product type:
ELISA
Reactivity:
Human
ELISA Type:
Sandwich
Research Area:
Cell Cycle
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