Rat Cyp1b1 / Cytochrome P450 1B1 ELISA Kit
Rat Cyp1b1 / Cytochrome P450 1B1 ELISA Kit - Information
The ELISA Genie Rat Cyp1b1 / Cytochrome P450 1B1 ELISA Kit can assay for Rat Cyp1b1 / Cytochrome P450 1B1 in the following samples: serum, blood, plasma, cell culture supernatant and other related supernatants and tissues.How our Rat Cyp1b1 / Cytochrome P450 1B1 ELISA Kits Work?
The ELISA Genie (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays) assay kits are designed for the quantitative measurement of analytes in a wide variety of samples. As today's scientists demand high quality consistent data for high impact journals, ELISA Genie have developed our range of sensitive, fast and reliable ELISA kit assays to meet and exceed those demands. Our assay kits use a quantitative sandwich ELISA technique and each kit comes with highly specific antibodies pre-coated onto a 96-well microtiter plate.
At ELISA Genie we understand the need for speed! Therefore, we have developed an ultra-fast protocol meaning you achieve your results rapidly. So, once you have prepared and plated your samples, blanks and standards, you simply incubate with a highly specific biotin-conjugated primary antibody and Avidin conjugated to Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) and incubate for the appropriate length of time. After washing the plate according to the protocol and addition of the TMB (3,3',5,5'-Tetramethylbenzidine) solution, the appearance of a blue colour should be detected due to an enzymatic reaction catalysed by HRP. Next step is the addition of the Stop Solution which terminates the HRP reaction and the blue colour turns yellow with the signal intensity measured on a plate reader at 450nm. The amount of bound Rat Cyp1b1 / Cytochrome P450 1B1 is proportional to the signal generated by the reaction meaning the kit assay gives you a quantitative measurement of the analyte in your samples.
Rat Cyp1b1 / Cytochrome P450 1B1 ELISA Kit - Data
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, retinoid and xenobiotics. Preferentially oxidizes 17beta-estradiol to the carcinogenic 4-hydroxy derivative, and a variety of procarcinogenic compounds to their activated forms, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Promotes angiogenesis by removing cellular oxygenation products, thereby decreasing oxidative stress, release of antiangiogenic factor THBS2, then allowing endothelial cells migration, cell adhesion and capillary morphogenesis. These changes are concommitant with the endothelial nitric oxide synthase activity and nitric oxide synthesis. Plays an important role in the regulation of perivascular cell proliferation, migration, and survival through modulation of the intracellular oxidative state and NF-kappa-B expression and/or activity, during angiogenesis. Contributes to oxidative homeostasis and ultrastructural organization and function of trabecular meshwork tissue through modulation of POSTN expression.
|Detection method|| |
Sandwich ELISA Double Antibody
This immunoassay kit allows for the in vitro quantitative determination of Cyp1b1 concentrations in serum plasma and other biological fluids.
4'C for 6 months
Matrices listed below were spiked with certain level of Cyp1b1 and the recovery rates were calculated by comparing the measured value to the expected amount of Cyp1b1 in samples.
The linearity of the kit was assayed by testing samples spiked with appropriate concentration of Cyp1b1 and their serial dilutions. The results were demonstrated by the percentage of calculated concentration to the expected.
For Research Use Only
Rat Cyp1b1 / Cytochrome P450 1B1 ELISA Kit Protocol
The below protocol is a sample protocol for Rat Cyp1b1 / Cytochrome P450 1B1 ELISA Kit using a biotinylated detection antibody and streptavidin-HRP. Sandwich ELISAs allow for the detection and quantification of an analyte in a sample by using known analyte concentrations as standards and plotting absorbance of known concentrations vs known standard concentrations. This allows the researcher to calculate the amount of Rat Cyp1b1 / Cytochrome P450 1B1 present in their sample.
Before adding to wells, equilibrate the SABC working solution and TMB substrate for at least 30 min at 37 °C. When diluting samples and reagents, they must be mixed completely and evenly. It is recommended to plot a standard curve for each test.
|1.||Set standard, test sample and control (zero) wells on the pre-coated plate respectively, and then, record their positions. It is recommended to measure each standard and sample in duplicate. Wash plate 2 times before adding standard, sample and control (zero) wells!|
|2.||Aliquot 0.1ml standard solutions into the standard wells.|
|3.||Add 0.1 ml of Sample / Standard dilution buffer into the control (zero) well.|
|4.||Add 0.1 ml of properly diluted sample ( Human serum, plasma, tissue homogenates and other biological fluids.) into test sample wells.|
|5.||Seal the plate with a cover and incubate at 37 °C for 90 min.|
|6.||Remove the cover and discard the plate content, clap the plate on the absorbent filter papers or other absorbent material. Do NOT let the wells completely dry at any time. Wash plate X2.|
|7.||Add 0.1 ml of Biotin- detection antibody working solution into the above wells (standard, test sample & zero wells). Add the solution at the bottom of each well without touching the side wall.|
|8.||Seal the plate with a cover and incubate at 37°C for 60 min.|
|9.||Remove the cover, and wash plate 3 times with Wash buffer. Let wash buffer rest in wells for 1 min between each wash.|
|10.||Add 0.1 ml of SABC working solution into each well, cover the plate and incubate at 37°C for 30 min.|
|11.||Remove the cover and wash plate 5 times with Wash buffer, and each time let the wash buffer stay in the wells for 1-2 min.|
|12.||Add 90 µl of TMB substrate into each well, cover the plate and incubate at 37°C in dark within 10-20 min. (Note: This incubation time is for reference use only, the optimal time should be determined by end user.) And the shades of blue can be seen in the first 3-4 wells (with most concentrated standard solutions), the other wells show no obvious color.|
|13.||Add 50 µl of Stop solution into each well and mix thoroughly. The color changes into yellow immediately.|
|14.||Read the O.D. absorbance at 450 nm in a microplate reader immediately after adding the stop solution.|
Rat Cyp1b1 / Cytochrome P450 1B1 ELISA Kit components
|ELISA Microplate(Dismountable)||8×12 strips||4°C for 6 months|
|Sample/Standard Dilution Buffer||20ml||4°C|
|Biotin-labeled Antibody(Concentrated)||120ul||4°C (Protect from light)|
|Antibody Dilution Buffer||10ml||4°C|
|HRP-Streptavidin Conjugate(SABC)||120ul||4°C (Protect from light)|
|SABC Dilution Buffer||10ml||4°C|
|TMB Substrate||10ml||4°C (Protect from light)|
Other materials and equipment required:The ELISA Genie Rat Cyp1b1 / Cytochrome P450 1B1 ELISA Kit will require other equipment and materials to carry out the assay. Please see list below for further details.
- Microplate reader with 450 nm wavelength filter
- Multichannel Pipette, Pipette, microcentrifuge tubes and disposable pipette tips
- Deionized or distilled water
- Absorbent paper
- Buffer resevoir
When carrying out an ELISA assay it is important to prepare your samples in order to achieve the best possible results. Below we have a list of procedures for the preparation of samples for different sample types.
If using serum separator tubes, allow samples to clot for 30 minutes at room temperature. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Collect the serum fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.
If serum separator tubes are not being used, allow samples to clot overnight at 2-8°C. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Remove serum and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.
Collect plasma using EDTA or heparin as an anticoagulant. Centrifuge samples at 4°C for 15 mins at 1000 × g within 30 mins of collection. Collect the plasma fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles. Note: Over haemolysed samples are not suitable for use with this kit.
Urine & Cerebrospinal Fluid
Collect the urine (mid-stream) in a sterile container, centrifuge for 20 mins at 2000-3000 rpm. Remove supernatant and assay immediately. If any precipitation is detected, repeat the centrifugation step. A similar protocol can be used for cerebrospinal fluid.
Cell culture supernatant
Collect the cell culture media by pipette, followed by centrifugation at 4°C for 20 mins at 1500 rpm. Collect the clear supernatant and assay immediately.
Solubilize cells in lysis buffer and allow to sit on ice for 30 minutes. Centrifuge tubes at 14,000 x g for 5 minutes to remove insoluble material. Aliquot the supernatant into a new tube and discard the remaining whole cell extract. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.
The preparation of tissue homogenates will vary depending upon tissue type. Rinse tissue with 1X PBS to remove excess blood & homogenize in 20ml of 1X PBS (including protease inhibitors) and store overnight at ≤ -20°C. Two freeze-thaw cycles are required to break the cell membranes. To further disrupt the cell membranes you can sonicate the samples. Centrifuge homogenates for 5 mins at 5000xg. Remove the supernatant and assay immediately or aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C.
Rinse tissue with PBS, cut into 1-2 mm pieces, and homogenize with a tissue homogenizer in PBS. Add an equal volume of RIPA buffer containing protease inhibitors and lyse tissues at room temperature for 30 minutes with gentle agitation. Centrifuge to remove debris. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.
Collect milk samples and centrifuge at 10,000 x g for 60 min at 4°C. Aliquot the supernatant and assay. For long term use, store samples at -80°C. Minimize freeze/thaw cycles.
Rat Cyp1b1 / Cytochrome P450 1B1 ELISA Kit Protein Information
|UniProt Protein Function:||CYP1B1: Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Defects in CYP1B1 are the cause of primary congenital glaucoma type 3A (GLC3A). GLC3A is an autosomal recessive form of primary congenital glaucoma (PCG). PCG is characterized by marked increase of intraocular pressure at birth or early childhood, large ocular globes (buphthalmos) and corneal edema. It results from developmental defects of the trabecular meshwork and anterior chamber angle of the eye that prevent adequate drainage of aqueous humor. Defects in CYP1B1 are a cause of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). POAG is a complex and genetically heterogeneous ocular disorder characterized by a specific pattern of optic nerve and visual field defects. The angle of the anterior chamber of the eye is open, and usually the intraocular pressure is increased. The disease is asymptomatic until the late stages, by which time significant and irreversible optic nerve damage has already taken place. In some cases, POAG shows digenic inheritance involving mutations in CYP1B1 and MYOC genes. Defects in CYP1B1 are a cause of Peters anomaly (PAN). Peters anomaly is a congenital defect of the anterior chamber of the eye. Belongs to the cytochrome P450 family.|
|UniProt Protein Details:|
Protein type:Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Oxidoreductase; Membrane protein, peripheral; Endoplasmic reticulum; Amino Acid Metabolism - tryptophan; EC 184.108.40.206; Xenobiotic Metabolism - metabolism by cytochrome P450
Cellular Component: endoplasmic reticulum membrane; integral to membrane; intracellular membrane-bound organelle; mitochondrion; nucleus
Molecular Function:heme binding; iron ion binding; monooxygenase activity; oxidoreductase activity; oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen; oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen, reduced flavin or flavoprotein as one donor, and incorporation of one atom of oxygen
Biological Process: adrenal gland development; angiogenesis; arachidonic acid metabolic process; aromatic compound metabolic process; benzene and derivative metabolic process; blood vessel morphogenesis; cell adhesion; collagen fibril organization; dibenzo-p-dioxin metabolic process; DNA modification; endothelial cell migration; estrogen metabolic process; induction of apoptosis by oxidative stress; inhibition of NF-kappaB transcription factor; male gonad development; membrane lipid catabolic process; negative regulation of cell adhesion mediated by integrin; negative regulation of cell migration; negative regulation of cell proliferation; nitric oxide biosynthetic process; positive regulation of angiogenesis; positive regulation of apoptosis; positive regulation of JAK-STAT cascade; positive regulation of smooth muscle cell migration; positive regulation of translation; response to arsenic; response to estradiol stimulus; response to follicle-stimulating hormone stimulus; response to nutrient; response to organic cyclic substance; response to organic substance; response to steroid hormone stimulus; response to toxin; retinal metabolic process; retinol metabolic process; steroid metabolic process; toxin metabolic process; xenobiotic metabolic process
|NCBI Summary:||plays a role in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolism in adrenal microsomes [RGD, Feb 2006]|
|NCBI GenInfo Identifier:||6978737|
|NCBI Gene ID:||25426|
|UniProt Related Accession:||Q64678|
|Molecular Weight:||61.9 kDa|
|NCBI Full Name:||cytochrome P450 1B1|
|NCBI Synonym Full Names:||cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily b, polypeptide 1|
|NCBI Official Symbol:||Cyp1b1|
|NCBI Protein Information:||cytochrome P450 1B1|
|UniProt Protein Name:||Cytochrome P450 1B1|
|UniProt Synonym Protein Names:||CYPIB1; Cytochrome P450RAP|
|UniProt Gene Name:||Cyp1b1|
|UniProt Entry Name:||CP1B1_RAT|