Human Leptin ELISA Kit

Product Type:
96 Assays
Leptin, LEP, LEPD, OBS, Obesity Homolog
Frequently bought together:


Human Leptin ELISA Kit

Leptin is a hormone that plays a crucial role in regulating energy balance and body weight. It is primarily produced by adipose tissue (fat cells) and functions as a signaling molecule in the brain to suppress appetite and increase energy expenditure. Leptin levels in the bloodstream are directly proportional to the amount of body fat, with higher levels observed in individuals with excess adipose tissue. The Assay Genie Human Leptin ELISA Kit is a highly sensitive assay for the quantitative measurement of Leptin in serum, plasma, cell and tissue lysates.

system_update_alt Datasheet system_update_alt MSDS

Key Features

Save Time Pre-coated 96 well plate
Quick Start Kit includes all necessary reagents
Publication Ready Reproducible and reliable results


Product Name:

Human Leptin ELISA Kit

Product Code:



96 Assays


Leptin, LEP, LEPD, OBS, Obesity Homolog

Detection Method:

Sandwich ELISA, Double Antibody


This immunoassay kit allows for the in vitro quantitative determination of Human LEP concentrations in serum plasma and other biological fluids.






4°C for 6 months


For Research Use Only

Additional Information


Matrices listed below were spiked with certain level of Human LEP and the recovery rates were calculated by comparing the measured value to the expected amount of Human LEP in samples.


Recovery Range (%)

Average (%)




EDTA plasma(n=5)



UFH plasma(n=5)




The linearity of the kit was assayed by testing samples spiked with appropriate concentration of Human LEP and their serial dilutions. The results were demonstrated by the percentage of calculated concentration to the expected.









EDTA plasma(n=5)




UFH plasma(n=5)





Intra-Assay: CV<8%
Inter-Assay: CV<10%

Kit Components

Component Quantity Storage

ELISA Microplate (Dismountable)

8x12 strips

4°C for 6 months

Lyophilized Standard


4°C/ -20°C

Sample/Standard Dlution Buffer



Biotin-labeled Antibody (Concentrated)


4°C (Protection from light)

Antibody Dilution Buffer



HRP-Streptavidin Conjugate (SABC)


4°C (Protect from light)

SABC Dilution Buffer



TMB Substrate


4°C (Protection from light)

Stop Solution



Wash Buffer (25X)



Plate Sealer



Other materials required:

  • Microplate reader with 450 nm wavelength filter
  • Multichannel Pipette, Pipette, microcentrifuge tubes and disposable pipette tips
  • Incubator
  • Deionized or distilled water
  • Absorbent paper
  • Buffer resevoir


*Note: Protocols are specific to each batch/lot. For the exact instructions please follow the protocol included in your kit.

Before adding to wells, equilibrate the SABC working solution and TMB substrate for at least 30 min at 37°C. When diluting samples and reagents, they must be mixed completely and evenly. It is recommended to plot a standard curve for each test.

Step Procedure


Set standard, test sample and control (zero) wells on the pre-coated plate respectively, and then, record their positions. It is recommended to measure each standard and sample in duplicate. Wash plate 2 times before adding standard, sample and control (zero) wells!


Aliquot 0.1ml standard solutions into the standard wells.


Add 0.1 ml of Sample / Standard dilution buffer into the control (zero) well.


Add 0.1 ml of properly diluted sample ( Human serum, plasma, tissue homogenates and other biological fluids.) into test sample wells.


Seal the plate with a cover and incubate at 37 °C for 90 min.


Remove the cover and discard the plate content, clap the plate on the absorbent filter papers or other absorbent material. Do NOT let the wells completely dry at any time. Wash plate X2.


Add 0.1 ml of Biotin- detection antibody working solution into the above wells (standard, test sample & zero wells). Add the solution at the bottom of each well without touching the side wall.


Seal the plate with a cover and incubate at 37°C for 60 min.


Remove the cover, and wash plate 3 times with Wash buffer. Let wash buffer rest in wells for 1 min between each wash.


Add 0.1 ml of SABC working solution into each well, cover the plate and incubate at 37°C for 30 min.


Remove the cover and wash plate 5 times with Wash buffer, and each time let the wash buffer stay in the wells for 1-2 min.


Add 90 µl of TMB substrate into each well, cover the plate and incubate at 37°C in dark within 10-20 min. (Note: This incubation time is for reference use only, the optimal time should be determined by end user.) And the shades of blue can be seen in the first 3-4 wells (with most concentrated standard solutions), the other wells show no obvious color.


Add 50 µl of Stop solution into each well and mix thoroughly. The color changes into yellow immediately.


Read the O.D. absorbance at 450 nm in a microplate reader immediately after adding the stop solution.

Sample Type

When carrying out an ELISA assay it is important to prepare your samples in order to achieve the best possible results. Below we have a list of procedures for the preparation of samples for different sample types.

Sample Type Protocol


If using serum separator tubes, allow samples to clot for 30 minutes at room temperature. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Collect the serum fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.

If serum separator tubes are not being used, allow samples to clot overnight at 2-8°C. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Remove serum and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.


Collect plasma using EDTA or heparin as an anticoagulant. Centrifuge samples at 4°C for 15 mins at 1000 × g within 30 mins of collection. Collect the plasma fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles. Note: Over haemolysed samples are not suitable for use with this kit.

Urine & Cerebrospinal Fluid

Collect the urine (mid-stream) in a sterile container, centrifuge for 20 mins at 2000-3000 rpm. Remove supernatant and assay immediately. If any precipitation is detected, repeat the centrifugation step. A similar protocol can be used for cerebrospinal fluid.

Cell culture supernatant

Collect the cell culture media by pipette, followed by centrifugation at 4°C for 20 mins at 1500 rpm. Collect the clear supernatant and assay immediately.

Cell lysates

Solubilize cells in lysis buffer and allow to sit on ice for 30 minutes. Centrifuge tubes at 14,000 x g for 5 minutes to remove insoluble material. Aliquot the supernatant into a new tube and discard the remaining whole cell extract. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.

Tissue homogenates

The preparation of tissue homogenates will vary depending upon tissue type. Rinse tissue with 1X PBS to remove excess blood & homogenize in 20ml of 1X PBS (including protease inhibitors) and store overnight at ≤ -20°C. Two freeze-thaw cycles are required to break the cell membranes. To further disrupt the cell membranes you can sonicate the samples. Centrifuge homogenates for 5 mins at 5000xg. Remove the supernatant and assay immediately or aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C.

Tissue lysates

Rinse tissue with PBS, cut into 1-2 mm pieces, and homogenize with a tissue homogenizer in PBS. Add an equal volume of RIPA buffer containing protease inhibitors and lyse tissues at room temperature for 30 minutes with gentle agitation. Centrifuge to remove debris. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C

Breast Milk

Collect milk samples and centrifuge at 10,000 x g for 60 min at 4°C. Aliquot the supernatant and assay. For long term use, store samples at -80°C. Minimize freeze/thaw cycles.

Leptin Background


Leptin, derived from the obese (ob) gene and released by adipose tissue, is a peptide hormone with diverse physiological roles. Beyond its well-known involvement in appetite regulation, neuroendocrine function, and energy balance, leptin also influences various other processes, including metabolism, endocrine regulation, and immune function. These additional functions are still being investigated and characterized. Abnormalities in leptin levels have been associated with various metabolic syndromes, particularly obesity. The study of leptin physiology has significantly contributed to our understanding of energy homeostasis and holds promise for developing effective treatments and solutions to address the growing obesity epidemic. Factors such as total body fat mass index (BMI), metabolic hormones, and gender significantly impact circulating plasma leptin concentrations, with women generally exhibiting higher levels compared to men.

Structure and Function

Leptin, a peptide hormone, is primarily synthesized by white adipose tissue. Encoded by the leptin gene (LEP or ob) located on chromosome 7q31.3, this hormone consists of 146 amino acids and is synthesized through mRNA-directed protein synthesis. Structurally, leptin bears resemblance to proinflammatory cytokines found in various parts of the body, such as interleukin 6 and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. The concentration of leptin in the bloodstream correlates directly with the amount of adipose tissue present. Leptin exerts its effects by binding to leptin receptors (LR) located on the cell surface. These receptors can be found in neuronal, hepatic, pancreatic, cardiac, and perivascular intestinal tissues.

Leptin primarily exerts its effects in the brain, particularly in the brainstem and hypothalamus. In the brainstem, the solitary tract and the ventral tegmental area are key areas where leptin acts to influence feelings of satiety, as well as the regulation of reward and aversion. Within the hypothalamus, leptin acts on the ARC nucleus, where it stimulates neurons containing POMC (pro-opiomelanocortin) while inhibiting neurons containing AgRP/NPY (agouti-related peptide/neuropeptide Y). This combined effect leads to a reduction in appetite. Overall, the role of leptin in the body involves regulating the delicate balance between food intake and energy expenditure.

Leptin ELISA Kit FAQs

What is the Human Leptin ELISA Kit used for?

The Human Leptin ELISA Kit is specifically designed for the quantitative measurement of leptin levels in human samples. Leptin is a hormone predominantly produced by adipose tissue and plays a crucial role in regulating energy balance, appetite, and metabolism. This kit enables researchers and clinicians to accurately assess leptin concentrations, facilitating studies related to obesity, metabolic disorders, and appetite regulation.

What are the advantages of using the Leptin ELISA Kit?

The Leptin ELISA Kit offers several advantages, including high sensitivity, accuracy, and reproducibility. It provides a user-friendly and reliable method to quantify Leptin levels in biological specimens, allowing for precise measurements and robust data analysis.

What sample types are compatible with the Leptin ELISA Kit?

The Leptin ELISA Kit is compatible with various sample types, including serum, plasma, cell lysates, and tissue homogenates. It provides flexibility in sample selection, allowing researchers to analyze Leptin levels in different biological matrices.

What are the storage requirements for the Leptin ELISA Kit?

The Leptin ELISA Kit components should be stored according to the instructions provided in the kit manual. Generally, it is recommended to store the kit components at the recommended temperature to ensure their stability and optimal performance.

What should I do if my assay results are not optimal?

If you encounter any issues or have suboptimal assay results, we recommend contacting our dedicated support team for assistance. They will be available to provide troubleshooting guidance, answer your questions, and ensure you achieve the best possible results with the Leptin ELISA Kit.