GenieHTS Calcium Flux Ratiometric Assay Kit
The necessary reagents for conducting no wash, ratiometric calcium flux assays compatible with plate reader and fluorescence microscopy applications. Individual components are provided to give the user the flexibility needed to customize your assay.
|Product Name:||GenieHTS Calcium Flux Ratiometric Assay Kit|
|Product Size:||10 plates|
|Excitation:||340 (UV), 380nm|
|Fura-2 AM (50 μg vial)||Lyophilized (10)||-20°C|
|50X TRS solution||2 mL||4°C|
|100X Pluronic F-127 solution||1 mL||4°C|
|1X Assay Buffer||100 mL||4°C|
Materials needed but not provided
- Compounds to be tested.
- Buffers and solvents for dissolution.
- Reagents necessary for cell culture.
- A fluorescence or plate reader ~ 340 nm /~ 380 nm and 505 nm.
The Assay Genie Calcium Flux Ratiometric kit provides the necessary reagents for conducting no wash, ratiometric calcium flux assays compatible with plate reader and fluorescence microscopy applications. Individual components are provided to give the user the flexibility needed to customize your assay. Fura-2 is the most popular UV-excitable, ratiometric green indicator for intracellular calcium (Ca2+) measurements. Ex/Em: 340/505 nm can be used to measure Ca2+ -bound Fura-2, and Ex/Em: 380/505 nm can be used to detect Ca2+ -free Fura-2.
Ratiometry is not only optimal for imaging applications where quantification of intracellular Ca2+ concentrations is desired, it also reduces effects of photobleaching, heterogenous dye loading, and variable cell morphology. When following the recommended protocol, GenieHTS Calcium Flux Ratiometric provides enough reagents to make 100 mL of working solution, enough for ten 96-well plates. The actual number of assays will vary according to optimal dye concentrations for your application.
- Optimal dye concentrations will vary depending on cell type and application. Recommended dye concentrations range between 1 μM and 10 μM.
- Aqueous solutions of Fura-2 AM are susceptible to hydrolysis; therefore, all working solutions should be used as quickly as possible and no later than 2 hours after preparation for best results. Alternatively, prepared dye loading solution can be frozen and stored for up to 1 week.
The following protocol provides general guidelines for using this dye to measure intracellular calcium. All loading conditions (dye concentration, temperature, and time) should be optimized for your specific assay, application, and instrumentation.
- Allow all reagents to warm to room temperature before proceeding.
- Add 9.7 mL of 1X Assay Buffer to a conical tube (15-50 mL).
- Add 100 μL of 100X Pluronic F-127 solution to conical tube. Pluronic F-127 is a biocompatible surfactant that aids in dye dissolution, ensuring equitable dye distribution and cellular loading.
- Add 200 μL of 50X TRS solution to conical tube. TRS is a membrane impermeant dye useful for masking extracellular fluorescence. (1)
- Vortex conical tube briefly to mix.
- Dissolve Fura-2 AM in 25 μL of DMSO. After adding DMSO, vortex tube briefly to dissolve the indicator dye, then centrifuge briefly to collect all contents at the tube bottom. Add entire contents of indicator dye tube to assay buffer solution to make a dye loading solution.
- Vortex dye loading solution briefly to mix.
- Remove the cell culture medium from your cells and add dye loading solution. Recommended volumes are: 35 mm dish or 6-well plate, 1.5 mL; 96-well plate, 100 μL; 384-well plate, 20 μL.(2)
- Incubate in a cell culture incubator at 37°C for 60 minutes.
- Acquire data using a kinetic plate reader (Ex/Em: 340 and 380 nm/505 nm) or image using a fluorescence microscope (using filters for Fura).(3) Begin data acquisition at a 1 Hz frequency, then after 10 seconds add your compounds of interest to the cell-containing plate and continue data acquisition for an additional 90 seconds.
*1: Caution is advised when using TRS as it may have undesirable effects
on assay performance for the target of interest.
*2: In some cases, such as when using suspension-based cultures, medium aspiration is not desirable. In these circumstances, we recommend doubling the concentration of all reagents in your dye loading buffer and adding an equal volume of dye loading solution to medium to achieve the same final loading concentrations.
*3: Fura-2 fluorescence is temperature sensitive. Therefore, it is important to maintain a stable temperature during data acquisition. If you want to conduct assays at room temperature, allow your plate to cool on the bench for 20 minutes prior to reading plate.