Human Thrombospondin-1 ELISA Kit

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ELISA Kit Technical ManualMSDS

Human TSP-1 (Thrombospondin-1) ELISA Kit - Information

The ELISA Genie Human TSP-1 (Thrombospondin-1) ELISA Kit can assay for Human TSP-1 in the following samples: serum, blood, plasma, cell culture supernatant and other related supernatants and tissues.

How do our Human TSP-1 (Thrombospondin-1) ELISA Kits Work?

The ELISA Genie (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays) assay kits are designed for the quantitative measurement of analytes in a wide variety of samples. As today's scientists demand high quality consistent data for high impact journals, ELISA Genie have developed our range of sensitive, fast and reliable ELISA kit assays to meet and exceed those demands. Our assay kits use a quantitative sandwich ELISA technique and each kit comes with highly specific antibodies pre-coated onto a 96-well microtiter plate.

At ELISA Genie we understand the need for speed! Therefore, we have developed an ultra-fast protocol meaning you achieve your results rapidly. So, once you have prepared and plated your samples, blanks and standards, you simply incubate with a highly specific biotin-conjugated primary antibody and Avidin conjugated to Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) and incubate for the appropriate length of time. After washing the plate according to the protocol and addition of the TMB (3,3',5,5'-Tetramethylbenzidine) solution, the appearance of a blue colour should be detected due to an enzymatic reaction catalysed by HRP. Next step is the addition of the Stop Solution which terminates the HRP reaction and the blue colour turns yellow with the signal intensity measured on a plate reader at 450nm. The amount of bound Human TSP-1 is proportional to the signal generated by the reaction meaning the kit assay gives you a quantitative measurement of the analyte in your samples.

Human TSP-1 (Thrombospondin-1) ELISA Kit Data

Product Code



TSP-1, THBS1, TSP-1, THBS, THBS-1, thrombospondin 1, thrombospondin-1p180, TSP1thrombospondin-1, TSPTSP-1

Detection method

Sandwich ELISA, Double Antibody


This immunoassay kit allows for the in vitro quantitative determination of Human TSP-1 concentrations in serum plasma and other biological fluids.








4'C for 6 months


Matrices listed below were spiked with certain level of Human TSP-1 and the recovery rates were calculated by comparing the measured value to the expected amount of Human TSP-1 in samples.

MatrixRecovery range(%)Average(%)
EDTA plasma(n=5)90-10598
UFH plasma(n=5)86-9993

The linearity of the kit was assayed by testing samples spiked with appropriate concentration of Human TSP-1 and their serial dilutions. The results were demonstrated by the percentage of calculated concentration to the expected.

EDTA plasma(n=5)82-96%82-99%82-95%
UFH plasma(n=5)82-100%81-100%86-99%

Intra-Assay: CV<8%
Inter-Assay: CV<10%


For Research Use Only

Human TSP-1 (Thrombospondin-1) ELISA Kit Protocol

The below protocol is a sample protocol for Human TSP-1 (Thrombospondin-1) ELISA Kit using a biotinylated detection antibody and streptavidin-HRP. Sandwich ELISA Kits allow for the detection and quantification of an analyte in a sample by using known analyte concentrations as standards and plotting absorbance of known concentrations vs known standard concentrations. This allows the researcher to calculate the amount of Human TSP-1 Antibody present in their sample.

Before adding to wells, equilibrate the SABC working solution and TMB substrate for at least 30 min at 37°C. When diluting samples and reagents, they must be mixed completely and evenly. It is recommended to plot a standard curve for each test.

Sandwich Protocol

Sandwich ELISA Protocol

Assay Protocol:

1.Set standard, test sample and control (zero) wells on the pre-coated plate respectively, and then, record their positions. It is recommended to measure each standard and sample in duplicate. Wash plate 2 times before adding standard, sample and control (zero) wells!
2.Aliquot 0.1ml standard solutions into the standard wells.
3.Add 0.1 ml of Sample / Standard dilution buffer into the control (zero) well.
4.Add 0.1 ml of properly diluted sample ( Human serum, plasma, tissue homogenates and other biological fluids.) into test sample wells.
5.Seal the plate with a cover and incubate at 37 °C for 90 min.
6.Remove the cover and discard the plate content, clap the plate on the absorbent filter papers or other absorbent material. Do NOT let the wells completely dry at any time. Wash plate X2.
7.Add 0.1 ml of Biotin- detection antibody working solution into the above wells (standard, test sample & zero wells). Add the solution at the bottom of each well without touching the side wall.
8.Seal the plate with a cover and incubate at 37°C for 60 min.
9.Remove the cover, and wash plate 3 times with Wash buffer. Let wash buffer rest in wells for 1 min between each wash.
10.Add 0.1 ml of SABC working solution into each well, cover the plate and incubate at 37°C for 30 min.
11.Remove the cover and wash plate 5 times with Wash buffer, and each time let the wash buffer stay in the wells for 1-2 min.
12.Add 90 µl of TMB substrate into each well, cover the plate and incubate at 37°C in dark within 10-20 min. (Note: This incubation time is for reference use only, the optimal time should be determined by end user.) And the shades of blue can be seen in the first 3-4 wells (with most concentrated standard solutions), the other wells show no obvious color.
13.Add 50 µl of Stop solution into each well and mix thoroughly. The color changes into yellow immediately.
14. Read the O.D. absorbance at 450 nm in a microplate reader immediately after adding the stop solution.

Human TSP-1 (Thrombospondin-1) ELISA Kit components

96 Assays


ELISA Microplate (Dismountable)8×12 strips4°C for 6 months
Lyophilized Standard24°C/-20°C
Sample/Standard Dilution Buffer20ml4°C
Biotin-labeled Antibody(Concentrated)120ul4°C (Protect from light)
Antibody Dilution Buffer10ml4°C
HRP-Streptavidin Conjugate(SABC)120ul4°C (Protect from light)
SABC Dilution Buffer10ml4°C
TMB Substrate10ml4°C (Protect from light)
Stop Solution10ml4°C
Wash Buffer(25X)30ml4°C
Plate Sealer5 -

Other materials and equipment required:

The ELISA Genie Human TSP-1 (Thrombospondin-1) ELISA Kit will require other equipment and materials to carry out the assay. Please see list below for further details.
  • Microplate reader with 450 nm wavelength filter
  • Multichannel Pipette, Pipette, microcentrifuge tubes and disposable pipette tips
  • Incubator
  • Deionized or distilled water
  • Absorbent paper
  • Buffer resevoir

Sample Preparation

When carrying out an ELISA assay it is important to prepare your samples in order to achieve the best possible results. Below we have a list of procedures for the preparation of samples for different sample types.

Sample TypeProtocol


If using serum separator tubes, allow samples to clot for 30 minutes at room temperature. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Collect the serum fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.

If serum separator tubes are not being used, allow samples to clot overnight at 2-8°C. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Remove serum and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.


Collect plasma using EDTA or heparin as an anticoagulant. Centrifuge samples at 4°C for 15 mins at 1000 × g within 30 mins of collection. Collect the plasma fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles. Note: Over haemolysed samples are not suitable for use with this kit.

Urine & Cerebrospinal Fluid

Collect the urine (mid-stream) in a sterile container, centrifuge for 20 mins at 2000-3000 rpm. Remove supernatant and assay immediately. If any precipitation is detected, repeat the centrifugation step. A similar protocol can be used for cerebrospinal fluid.

Cell culture supernatant

Collect the cell culture media by pipette, followed by centrifugation at 4°C for 20 mins at 1500 rpm. Collect the clear supernatant and assay immediately.

Cell lysates

Solubilize cells in lysis buffer and allow to sit on ice for 30 minutes. Centrifuge tubes at 14,000 x g for 5 minutes to remove insoluble material. Aliquot the supernatant into a new tube and discard the remaining whole cell extract. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.

Tissue homogenates

The preparation of tissue homogenates will vary depending upon tissue type. Rinse tissue with 1X PBS to remove excess blood & homogenize in 20ml of 1X PBS (including protease inhibitors) and store overnight at ≤ -20°C. Two freeze-thaw cycles are required to break the cell membranes. To further disrupt the cell membranes you can sonicate the samples. Centrifuge homogenates for 5 mins at 5000xg. Remove the supernatant and assay immediately or aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C.

Tissue lysates

Rinse tissue with PBS, cut into 1-2 mm pieces, and homogenize with a tissue homogenizer in PBS. Add an equal volume of RIPA buffer containing protease inhibitors and lyse tissues at room temperature for 30 minutes with gentle agitation. Centrifuge to remove debris. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.

Breast Milk

Collect milk samples and centrifuge at 10,000 x g for 60 min at 4°C. Aliquot the supernatant and assay. For long term use, store samples at -80°C. Minimize freeze/thaw cycles.

Human TSP-1 Protein Information

UniProt Protein Function:THBS1: Adhesive glycoprotein that mediates cell-to-cell and cell-to-matrix interactions. Binds heparin. May play a role in dentinogenesis and/or maintenance of dentin and dental pulp. Ligand for CD36 mediating antiangiogenic properties. Belongs to the thrombospondin family.
UniProt Protein Details:

Protein type:Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Inhibitor

Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 15q15

Cellular Component: extracellular matrix; extracellular space; cell surface; sarcoplasmic reticulum; endoplasmic reticulum; endoplasmic reticulum lumen; fibrinogen complex; extracellular region; secretory granule; external side of plasma membrane

Molecular Function:heparin binding; identical protein binding; laminin binding; calcium ion binding; integrin binding; protein binding; proteoglycan binding; fibroblast growth factor binding; transforming growth factor beta binding; phosphatidylserine binding; fibronectin binding; low-density lipoprotein binding; glycoprotein binding

Biological Process: extracellular matrix organization and biogenesis; activation of MAPK activity; response to magnesium ion; negative regulation of fibrinolysis; response to glucose stimulus; cell adhesion; cell cycle arrest; positive regulation of macrophage activation; response to drug; platelet activation; negative regulation of interleukin-12 production; positive regulation of chemotaxis; positive regulation of blood vessel endothelial cell migration; response to testosterone stimulus; negative regulation of cell-matrix adhesion; negative regulation of blood vessel endothelial cell migration; response to unfolded protein; positive regulation of angiogenesis; response to mechanical stimulus; negative regulation of endothelial cell proliferation; peptide cross-linking; regulation of cGMP metabolic process; response to calcium ion; response to progesterone stimulus; negative regulation of apoptosis; positive regulation of blood coagulation; positive regulation of translation; negative regulation of fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway; negative regulation of antigen processing and presentation of peptide or polysaccharide antigen via MHC class II; negative regulation of caspase activity; behavioral response to pain; platelet degranulation; positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor biosynthetic process; positive regulation of transforming growth factor-beta1 production; protein amino acid O-linked glycosylation; cell migration; chronic inflammatory response; negative regulation of focal adhesion formation; positive regulation of transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway; engulfment of apoptotic cell; post-translational protein modification; positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling cascade; negative regulation of angiogenesis; cellular protein metabolic process; negative regulation of dendritic cell antigen processing and presentation; response to hypoxia; immune response; sprouting angiogenesis; blood coagulation; positive regulation of phosphorylation; positive regulation of cell migration

NCBI Summary:The protein encoded by this gene is a subunit of a disulfide-linked homotrimeric protein. This protein is an adhesive glycoprotein that mediates cell-to-cell and cell-to-matrix interactions. This protein can bind to fibrinogen, fibronectin, laminin, type V collagen and integrins alpha-V/beta-1. This protein has been shown to play roles in platelet aggregation, angiogenesis, and tumorigenesis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
UniProt Code:P07996
NCBI GenInfo Identifier:117949802
NCBI Gene ID:7057
NCBI Accession:P07996.2
UniProt Secondary Accession:P07996,Q15667, Q59E99, A8K6H4, B4E3J7, B9EGH6,
UniProt Related Accession:P07996
Molecular Weight:120,148 Da
NCBI Full Name:Thrombospondin-1
NCBI Synonym Full Names:thrombospondin 1
NCBI Official Symbol:THBS1  
NCBI Official Synonym Symbols:TSP; THBS; TSP1; TSP-1; THBS-1  
NCBI Protein Information:thrombospondin-1; thrombospondin-1p180
UniProt Protein Name:Thrombospondin-1
Protein Family:Thrombospondin
UniProt Gene Name:THBS1  
UniProt Entry Name:TSP1_HUMAN
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