PLCG2 Colorimetric Cell-Based ELISA Kit

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Technical Manual

PLCG2 Cell-Based ELISA Kit

The PLCG2 Cell-Based ELISA Kit is a convenient, lysate-free, high throughput and sensitive assay kit that can monitor PLCG2 protein expression profile in cells. The kit can be used for measuring the relative amounts of PLCG2 in cultured cells as well as screening for the effects that various treatments, inhibitors (ie. siRNA or chemicals), or activators have on PLCG2 .

How does our PLCG2 Colorimetric Cell-Based ELISA Kit work?

Qualitative determination of PLCG2 concentration is achieved by an indirect ELISA format. In essence, PLCG2 is captured by PLCG2 -specific primary (1°) antibodies while the HRP-conjugated secondary (2°) antibodies bind the Fc region of the 1° antibody. Through this binding, the HRP enzyme conjugated to the 2° antibody can catalyze a colorimetric reaction upon substrate addition. Due to the qualitative nature of the Cell-Based ELISA, multiple normalization methods are needed:

1. A monoclonal antibody specific for human GAPDH is included to serve as an internal positive control in normalizing the target absorbance values.
2. Following the colorimetric measurement of HRP activity via substrate addition, the Crystal Violet whole-cell staining method may be used to determine cell density. After staining, the results can be analysed by normalizing the absorbance values to cell amounts, by which the plating difference can be adjusted.

PLCG2 Colorimetric Cell-Based ELISA Kit - Information

Product Name:PLCG2 Colorimetric Cell-Based ELISA Kit
Product Code:/SKUCBCAB00824
Description:The PLCG2 Colorimetric Cell-Based ELISA Kit is a convenient, lysate-free, high throughput and sensitive assay kit that can detect PLCG2 protein expression profile in cells. The kit can be used for measuring the relative amounts of PLCG2 in cultured cells as well as screening for the effects that various treatments, inhibitors (ie siRNA or chemicals), or activators have on PLCG2.
Dynamic Range:> 5000 Cells
Detection Method:Colorimetric 450 nm
Storage/Stability:4°C/6 Months
Reactivity:Human, Mouse, Rat
Assay Type:Cell-Based
Database Links:Gene ID: 5336, UniProt ID: P16885, OMIM #: 600220, Unigene #: Hs.413111
Format:96-Well Microplate
NCBI Gene Symbol:PLCG2
Sub Type:None
Target Name:PLCG2

Kit Principle

Figure: Schematic representation of ELISA Genie Cell-Based Colorimetric ELISA principle

Kit components


96-Well Cell Culture Clear-Bottom Microplate2 plates
10X TBS24 ml
Quenching Buffer24 ml
Blocking Buffer50 ml
15X Wash Buffer50 ml
Primary Antibody Diluent12 ml
100x Anti-Phospho Target Antibody 60 ul
100x Anti-Target Antibody60 ul
Anti-GAPDH Antibody60 ul
HRP-Conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Antibody12 ml
HRP-Conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Antibody12 ml
SDS Solution12 ml
Stop Solution24 ml
Ready-to-Use Substrate12 ml
Crystal Violet Solution12 ml
Adhesive Plate Seals2 seals

Additional equipment and materials required

The following materials and/or equipment are NOT provided in this kit but are necessary to successfully conduct the experiment:

  • Microplate reader able to measure absorbance at 450 nm and/or 595 nm for Crystal Violet Cell Staining (Optional)
  • Micropipettes with capability of measuring volumes ranging from 1 µl to 1 ml
  • 37% formaldehyde (Sigma Cat# F-8775) or formaldehyde from other sources
  • Squirt bottle, manifold dispenser, multichannel pipette reservoir or automated microplate washer
  • Graph paper or computer software capable of generating or displaying logarithmic functions
  • Absorbent papers or vacuum aspirator
  • Test tubes or microfuge tubes capable of storing ≥1 ml
  • Poly-L-Lysine (Sigma Cat# P4832 for suspension cells)
  • Orbital shaker (optional)
  • Deionized or sterile water

Kit Protocol

This is a summarized version of the kit protocol. Please view the technical manual of this kit for information on sample preparation, reagent preparation and plate lay out.

1.Seed 200 µl of 20,000 adherent cells in culture medium in each well of a 96-well plate. The plates included in the kit are sterile and treated for cell culture. For suspension cells and loosely attached cells, coat the plates with 100 µl of 10 µg/ml Poly-L-Lysine (not included) to each well of a 96-well plate for 30 minutes at 37°C prior to adding cells.
2.Incubate the cells for overnight at 37°C, 5% CO2.
3.Treat the cells as desired.
4.Remove the cell culture medium and rinse with 200 µl of 1x TBS, twice.
5.Fix the cells by incubating with 100 µl of Fixing Solution for 20 minutes at room temperature. The 4% formaldehyde is used for adherent cells and 8% formaldehyde is used for suspension cells and loosely attached cells.
6.Remove the Fixing Solution and wash the plate 3 times with 200 µl 1x Wash Buffer for five minutes each time with gentle shaking on the orbital shaker. The plate can be stored at 4°C for a week.
7.Add 100 µl of Quenching Buffer and incubate for 20 minutes at room temperature.
8.Wash the plate 3 times with 1x Wash Buffer for 5 minutes each time.
9.Add 200 µl of Blocking Buffer and incubate for 1 hour at room temperature.
10. Wash 3 times with 200 µl of 1x Wash Buffer for 5 minutes each time.
11.Add 50 µl of 1x primary antibodies (Anti-PLCG2 Antibody and/or Anti-GAPDH Antibody) to the corresponding wells, cover with Parafilm and incubate for 16 hours (overnight) at 4°C. If the target expression is known to be high, incubate for 2 hours at room temperature.
12.Wash 3 times with 200 µl of 1x Wash Buffer for 5 minutes each time.
13.Add 50 µl of 1x secondary antibodies (HRP-Conjugated AntiRabbit IgG Antibody or HRP-Conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Antibody) to corresponding wells and incubate for 1.5 hours at room temperature.
14.Wash 3 times with 200 µl of 1x Wash Buffer for 5 minutes each time.
15.Add 50 µl of Ready-to-Use Substrate to each well and incubate for 30 minutes at room temperature in the dark.
16.Add 50 µl of Stop Solution to each well and read OD at 450 nm immediately using the microplate reader.

(Additional Crystal Violet staining may be performed if desired – details of this may be found in the kit technical manual.)

PLCG2 - Protein Information

UniProt Protein Function:PLCG2: a calcium dependent phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C. The activated enzyme produces the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. It is a crucial enzyme in transmembrane signaling. Phosphorylated and activated by tyrosine kinases in response to signaling through a variety of growth factor receptors and immune system receptors.
UniProt Protein Details:

Protein type:Carbohydrate Metabolism - inositol phosphate; Phospholipase; EC; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis

Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 16q24.1

Cellular Component: plasma membrane; cytosol

Molecular Function:signal transducer activity; protein binding; phospholipase C activity; phosphoinositide phospholipase C activity

Biological Process: platelet activation; Wnt receptor signaling pathway; inositol phosphate metabolic process; phospholipid catabolic process; calcium-mediated signaling; response to lipopolysaccharide; T cell receptor signaling pathway; activation of store-operated calcium channel activity; B cell receptor signaling pathway; regulation of gene expression; inositol trisphosphate biosynthetic process; B cell differentiation; release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol; negative regulation of programmed cell death; phosphatidylinositol biosynthetic process; innate immune response; follicular B cell differentiation; blood coagulation

Disease: Autoinflammation, Antibody Deficiency, And Immune Dysregulation, Plcg2-associated; Familial Cold Autoinflammatory Syndrome 3

NCBI Summary:The protein encoded by this gene is a transmembrane signaling enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate to 1D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG) using calcium as a cofactor. IP3 and DAG are second messenger molecules important for transmitting signals from growth factor receptors and immune system receptors across the cell membrane. Mutations in this gene have been found in autoinflammation, antibody deficiency, and immune dysregulation syndrome and familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome 3. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2014]
UniProt Code:P16885
NCBI GenInfo Identifier:215274231
NCBI Gene ID:5336
NCBI Accession:P16885.4
UniProt Secondary Accession:P16885,Q3ZTS2, Q59H45, Q969T5, D3DUL3,
UniProt Related Accession:P16885
Molecular Weight:1265
NCBI Full Name:1-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase gamma-2
NCBI Synonym Full Names:phospholipase C, gamma 2 (phosphatidylinositol-specific)
NCBI Official Symbol:PLCG2  
NCBI Official Synonym Symbols:FCAS3; APLAID; PLC-IV; PLC-gamma-2  
NCBI Protein Information:1-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase gamma-2; phospholipase C-IV; phosphoinositide phospholipase C-gamma-2
UniProt Protein Name:1-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase gamma-2
UniProt Synonym Protein Names:Phosphoinositide phospholipase C-gamma-2; Phospholipase C-IV; PLC-IV; Phospholipase C-gamma-2; PLC-gamma-2
Protein Family:1-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase
UniProt Gene Name:PLCG2  
UniProt Entry Name:PLCG2_HUMAN
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