Human GDF-5 / BMP14 ELISA Kit

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Human GDF-5 / BMP14 ELISA Kit - Information

The ELISA Genie GDF-5 / BMP14 ELISA Kit can assay for GDF-5 / BMP14 in the following samples: serum, blood, plasma, cell culture supernatant and other related supernatants and tissues.

How our GDF-5 / BMP14 ELISA Kits Work?

The ELISA Genie (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays) assay kits are designed for the quantitative measurement of analytes in a wide variety of samples. As today's scientists demand high quality consistent data for high impact journals, ELISA Genie have developed our range of sensitive, fast and reliable ELISA kit assays to meet and exceed those demands. Our assay kits use a quantitative sandwich ELISA technique and each kit comes with highly specific antibodies pre-coated onto a 96-well microtiter plate.

At ELISA Genie we understand the need for speed! Therefore, we have developed an ultra-fast protocol meaning you achieve your results rapidly. So, once you have prepared and plated your samples, blanks and standards, you simply incubate with a highly specific biotin-conjugated primary antibody and Avidin conjugated to Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) and incubate for the appropriate length of time. After washing the plate according to the protocol and addition of the TMB (3,3',5,5'-Tetramethylbenzidine) solution, the appearance of a blue colour should be detected due to an enzymatic reaction catalysed by HRP. Next step is the addition of the Stop Solution which terminates the HRP reaction and the blue colour turns yellow with the signal intensity measured on a plate reader at 450nm. The amount of bound GDF-5 / BMP14 is proportional to the signal generated by the reaction meaning the kit assay gives you a quantitative measurement of the analyte in your samples.

Human GDF-5 / BMP14 ELISA Kit - Data


Growth factor involved in bone and cartilage formation. During cartilage development regulates differentiation of chondrogenic tissue through two pathways. Firstly, positively regulates differentiation of chondrogenic tissue through its binding of high affinity with BMPR1B and of less affinity with BMPR1A, leading to induction of SMAD1-SMAD5-SMAD8 complex phosphorylation and then SMAD protein signaling transduction (PubMed:24098149, PubMed:21976273, PubMed:15530414, PubMed:25092592). Secondly, negatively regulates chondrogenic differentiation through its interaction with NOG (PubMed:21976273). Required to prevent excessive muscle loss upon denervation. This function requires SMAD4 and is mediated by phosphorylated SMAD1/5/8. Binds bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and mediates LPS-induced inflammatory response, including TNF secretion by monocytes (PubMed:11276205).

Post-Translational Modification

Uniprot ID P43026

GDF5/BMP-14/CDMP-1/BMP14/Cartilage-derived morphogenetic protein 1/cartilage-derived morphogenetic protein-1/CDMP1LAP4/GDF-5/growth differentiation factor 5/growth/differentiation factor 5/OS5/Radotermin/radotermin/SYNS2

Detection method

Sandwich ELISA Double Antibody


This immunoassay kit allows for the in vitro quantitative determination of GDF5 concentrations in serum plasma and other biological fluids.






< 0.094ng/ml


4'C for 6 months


Matrices listed below were spiked with certain level of GDF5 and the recovery rates were calculated by comparing the measured value to the expected amount of GDF5 in samples.

Matrix Recovery range(%) Average(%)
serum(n=5) 88-104 96
EDTA plasma(n=5) 89-94 91
UFH plasma(n=5) 94-104 98

The linearity of the kit was assayed by testing samples spiked with appropriate concentration of GDF5 and their serial dilutions. The results were demonstrated by the percentage of calculated concentration to the expected.

Sample 1:2 1:4 1:8 1:16
serum(n=5) 89-105% 94-98% 90-102% 92-105%
EDTA plasma(n=5) 86-101% 82-88% 82-92% 83-94%
UFH plasma(n=5) 81-100% 85-99% 80-100% 87-100%

Intra-Assay: CV<8%
Inter-Assay: CV<10%


For Research Use Only

Human GDF-5 / BMP14 ELISA Kit Protocol

The below protocol is a sample protocol for Human GDF-5 / BMP14 ELISA Kit using a biotinylated detection antibody and streptavidin-HRP. Sandwich ELISAs allow for the detection and quantification of an analyte in a sample by using known analyte concentrations as standards and plotting absorbance of known concentrations vs known standard concentrations. This allows the researcher to calculate the amount of Human GDF-5 / BMP14 present in their sample.

Before adding to wells, equilibrate the SABC working solution and TMB substrate for at least 30 min at 37 ‚°C. When diluting samples and reagents, they must be mixed completely and evenly. It is recommended to plot a standard curve for each test.

Sandwich Protocol

Sandwich ELISA Protocol

Kit Protocol:

1.Set standard, test sample and control (zero) wells on the pre-coated plate respectively, and then, record their positions. It is recommended to measure each standard and sample in duplicate. Wash plate 2 times before adding standard, sample and control (zero) wells!
2.Aliquot 0.1ml standard solutions into the standard wells.
3.Add 0.1 ml of Sample / Standard dilution buffer into the control (zero) well.
4.Add 0.1 ml of properly diluted sample ( Human serum, plasma, tissue homogenates and other biological fluids.) into test sample wells.
5.Seal the plate with a cover and incubate at 37 ‚°C for 90 min.
6.Remove the cover and discard the plate content, clap the plate on the absorbent filter papers or other absorbent material. Do NOT let the wells completely dry at any time. Wash plate X2.
7.Add 0.1 ml of Biotin- detection antibody working solution into the above wells (standard, test sample & zero wells). Add the solution at the bottom of each well without touching the side wall.
8.Seal the plate with a cover and incubate at 37‚°C for 60 min.
9.Remove the cover, and wash plate 3 times with Wash buffer. Let wash buffer rest in wells for 1 min between each wash.
10.Add 0.1 ml of SABC working solution into each well, cover the plate and incubate at 37‚°C for 30 min.
11.Remove the cover and wash plate 5 times with Wash buffer, and each time let the wash buffer stay in the wells for 1-2 min.
12.Add 90 ‚µl of TMB substrate into each well, cover the plate and incubate at 37‚°C in dark within 10-20 min. (Note: This incubation time is for reference use only, the optimal time should be determined by end user.) And the shades of blue can be seen in the first 3-4 wells (with most concentrated standard solutions), the other wells show no obvious color.
13.Add 50 ‚µl of Stop solution into each well and mix thoroughly. The color changes into yellow immediately.
14. Read the O.D. absorbance at 450 nm in a microplate reader immediately after adding the stop solution.

Human GDF-5 / BMP14 ELISA Kit components

96 Assays


ELISA Microplate(Dismountable)8×12 strips4°C for 6 months
Lyophilized Standard24°C/-20°C
Sample/Standard Dilution Buffer20ml4°C
Biotin-labeled Antibody(Concentrated)120ul4°C (Protect from light)
Antibody Dilution Buffer10ml4°C
HRP-Streptavidin Conjugate(SABC)120ul4°C (Protect from light)
SABC Dilution Buffer10ml4°C
TMB Substrate10ml4°C (Protect from light)
Stop Solution10ml4°C
Wash Buffer(25X)30ml4°C
Plate Sealer5 -

Other materials and equipment required:

The ELISA Genie Human GDF-5 / BMP14 ELISA Kit will require other equipment and materials to carry out the assay. Please see list below for further details.
  • Microplate reader with 450 nm wavelength filter
  • Multichannel Pipette, Pipette, microcentrifuge tubes and disposable pipette tips
  • Incubator
  • Deionized or distilled water
  • Absorbent paper
  • Buffer resevoir

Sample Preparation

When carrying out an ELISA assay it is important to prepare your samples in order to achieve the best possible results. Below we have a list of procedures for the preparation of samples for different sample types.

Sample TypeProtocol


If using serum separator tubes, allow samples to clot for 30 minutes at room temperature. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Collect the serum fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.

If serum separator tubes are not being used, allow samples to clot overnight at 2-8°C. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Remove serum and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.


Collect plasma using EDTA or heparin as an anticoagulant. Centrifuge samples at 4°C for 15 mins at 1000 × g within 30 mins of collection. Collect the plasma fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles. Note: Over haemolysed samples are not suitable for use with this kit.

Urine & Cerebrospinal Fluid

Collect the urine (mid-stream) in a sterile container, centrifuge for 20 mins at 2000-3000 rpm. Remove supernatant and assay immediately. If any precipitation is detected, repeat the centrifugation step. A similar protocol can be used for cerebrospinal fluid.

Cell culture supernatant

Collect the cell culture media by pipette, followed by centrifugation at 4°C for 20 mins at 1500 rpm. Collect the clear supernatant and assay immediately.

Cell lysates

Solubilize cells in lysis buffer and allow to sit on ice for 30 minutes. Centrifuge tubes at 14,000 x g for 5 minutes to remove insoluble material. Aliquot the supernatant into a new tube and discard the remaining whole cell extract. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.

Tissue homogenates

The preparation of tissue homogenates will vary depending upon tissue type. Rinse tissue with 1X PBS to remove excess blood & homogenize in 20ml of 1X PBS (including protease inhibitors) and store overnight at ≤ -20°C. Two freeze-thaw cycles are required to break the cell membranes. To further disrupt the cell membranes you can sonicate the samples. Centrifuge homogenates for 5 mins at 5000xg. Remove the supernatant and assay immediately or aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C.

Tissue lysates

Rinse tissue with PBS, cut into 1-2 mm pieces, and homogenize with a tissue homogenizer in PBS. Add an equal volume of RIPA buffer containing protease inhibitors and lyse tissues at room temperature for 30 minutes with gentle agitation. Centrifuge to remove debris. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.

Breast Milk

Collect milk samples and centrifuge at 10,000 x g for 60 min at 4°C. Aliquot the supernatant and assay. For long term use, store samples at -80°C. Minimize freeze/thaw cycles.

Human GDF-5 / BMP14 ELISA Kit Protein Information

UniProt Protein Function:GDF5: a cytokine that is a member of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family and the TGF-beta superfamily. These cytokines are characterized by a polybasic proteolytic processing site which is cleaved to produce a mature protein containing seven conserved cysteine residues. The members of this family are regulators of cell growth and differentiation in both embryonic and adult tissues. Binds to bone morphogenetic protein receptors (BMPRs), a family of transmembrane serine/threonine kinases. BMPRs are involved in bone and cartilage formation. Chondrogenic signaling is mediated by the high-affinity receptor BMPR1B. Defects in GDF5 are the cause of acromesomelic chondrodysplasia Grebe type (AMDG), acromesomelic chondrodysplasia Hunter-Thompson type (AMDH), brachydactyly type C (BDC), Du Pan syndrome (DPS), symphalangism proximal syndrome (SYM1), multiple synostoses syndrome type 2 (SYNS2), and brachydactyly type A2 (BDA2). Genetic variations in GDF5 are associated with susceptibility to osteoarthritis type 5 (OS5). Belongs to the TGF-beta family.
UniProt Protein Details:

Protein type:Secreted, signal peptide; Secreted

Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 20q11.2

Cellular Component: extracellular space; extracellular region; plasma membrane

Molecular Function:identical protein binding; protein binding; growth factor activity; cytokine activity; transforming growth factor beta receptor binding

Biological Process: hindlimb morphogenesis; extracellular matrix organization and biogenesis; regulation of multicellular organism growth; regulation of apoptosis; forelimb morphogenesis; BMP signaling pathway; positive regulation of chondrocyte differentiation; cell-cell signaling; transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling pathway; regulation of MAPKKK cascade; chondrocyte differentiation; negative regulation of neuron apoptosis; positive regulation of neuron differentiation; cell development; negative regulation of epithelial cell proliferation; embryonic limb morphogenesis; growth

Disease: Chondrodysplasia, Grebe Type; Acromesomelic Dysplasia, Hunter-thompson Type; Brachydactyly, Type A1, C; Brachydactyly, Type A2; Symphalangism, Proximal, 1b; Fibular Hypoplasia And Complex Brachydactyly; Brachydactyly, Type C; Osteoarthritis Susceptibility 5; Multiple Synostoses Syndrome 2

NCBI Summary:The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family and the TGF-beta superfamily. This group of proteins is characterized by a polybasic proteolytic processing site which is cleaved to produce a mature protein containing seven conserved cysteine residues. The members of this family are regulators of cell growth and differentiation in both embryonic and adult tissues. Mutations in this gene are associated with acromesomelic dysplasia, Hunter-Thompson type; brachydactyly, type C; and chondrodysplasia, Grebe type. These associations confirm that the gene product plays a role in skeletal development. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
UniProt Code:P43026
NCBI GenInfo Identifier:20141384
NCBI Gene ID:8200
NCBI Accession:P43026.3
UniProt Secondary Accession:P43026,Q96SB1, E1P5Q2,
UniProt Related Accession:P43026
Molecular Weight:Observed: 55kDaCalculated: 55kDa
NCBI Full Name:Growth/differentiation factor 5
NCBI Synonym Full Names:growth differentiation factor 5
NCBI Official Symbol:GDF5  
NCBI Official Synonym Symbols:OS5; LAP4; BDA1C; BMP14; CDMP1; LAP-4; SYM1B; SYNS2; BMP-14  
NCBI Protein Information:growth/differentiation factor 5; CDMP-1; radotermin; LPS-associated protein 4; bone morphogenetic protein 14; lipopolysaccharide-associated protein 4; cartilage-derived morphogenetic protein-1
UniProt Protein Name:Growth/differentiation factor 5
UniProt Synonym Protein Names:Bone morphogenetic protein 14; BMP-14; Cartilage-derived morphogenetic protein 1; CDMP-1; Lipopolysaccharide-associated protein 4; LAP-4; LPS-associated protein 4; Radotermin
Protein Family:Growth/differentiation factor
UniProt Gene Name:GDF5  
UniProt Entry Name:GDF5_HUMAN
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