Rat Acadm ELISA Kit

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SKU:
RTFI00287
€599

Description

Rat Acadm ELISA Kit - Information

The Rat Acadm ELISA Kit can assay for Rat Acadm in the following samples: serum, blood, plasma, cell culture supernatant and other related supernatants and tissues.

How our Rat Acadm ELISA Kits Work?

The ELISA Genie ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays) assay kits are designed for the quantitative measurement of analytes in a wide variety of samples. As today's scientists demand high quality consistent data for high impact journals, We have developed a range of sensitive, fast and reliable ELISA kit assays to meet and exceed those demands.

This ELISA kit uses Competitive-ELISA as the method. The microtiter plate provided in this kit has been pre-coated with Rat Acadm. During the reaction, Rat Acadm in the sample or standard competes with a fixed amount of Rat Acadm on the solid phase supporter for sites on the Biotinylated Detection Antibody specific to Rat Acadm. Excess conjugate and unbound sample or standard are washed from the plate, and HRP-Streptavidin(SABC) is added to each microplate well and incubated. Then a TMB substrate solution is added to each well. The enzyme-substrate reaction is terminated by the addition of a sulphuric acid solution and the color change is measured spectrophotometrically at a wavelength of 450 nm. The concentration of Rat Acadm in the samples is then determined by comparing the O.D. of the samples to the standard curve.

Rat Acadm ELISA Kit - Data

Description

Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase specific for acyl chain lengths of 4 to 16 that catalyzes the initial step of fatty acid beta-oxidation. Utilizes the electron transfer flavoprotein (ETF) as an electron acceptor to transfer electrons to the main mitochondrial respiratory chain via ETF-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (ETF dehydrogenase).

Post-Translational Modification

Acetylation at Lys-307 and Lys-311 in proximity of the cofactor-binding sites reduces catalytic activity. These sites are deacetylated by SIRT3.

Uniprot ID P08503
Detection method

CompetitiveCompetitive

Application

This immunoassay kit allows for the in vitro quantitative determination of Acadm concentrations in serum plasma and other biological fluids.

Size

96T

Range

0.78-50ng/ml

Sensitivity

< 0.469ng/ml

Storage

4'C for 6 months

Recovery

Matrices listed below were spiked with certain level of Acadm and the recovery rates were calculated by comparing the measured value to the expected amount of Acadm in samples.

Matrix Recovery range(%) Average(%)
serum(n=5) 86-100 94
EDTA plasma(n=5) 86-105 100
UFH plasma(n=5) 85-103 93
Linearity

The linearity of the kit was assayed by testing samples spiked with appropriate concentration of Acadm and their serial dilutions. The results were demonstrated by the percentage of calculated concentration to the expected.

Sample 1:2 1:4 1:8 1:16
serum(n=5) 85-98% 87-102% 86-105% 88-104%
EDTA plasma(n=5) 88-101% 82-101% 88-99% 87-92%
UFH plasma(n=5) 87-98% 91-99% 82-93% 82-98%
CV(%)

Intra-Assay: CV<8%
Inter-Assay: CV<10%

Note

For Research Use Only

Rat Acadm ELISA Kit Protocol

The below protocol is a sample protocol for a Rat Acadm ELISA Kit. Competitive ELISA kits allow for the detection and quantification of an analyte in a sample. This Rat Acadm ELISA Kit allows the researcher to calculate the amount of Rat Acadm present in their sample. Before adding to wells, equilibrate the SABC working solution and TMB substrate for at least 30 min at 37 ‚°C. When diluting samples and reagents, they must be mixed completely and evenly. It is recommended to plot a standard curve for each test.

Competitive ELISA Protocol

ELISA Kit Technical Manual

Kit Protocol:

1.Set standard, test sample and control (zero) wells on the pre-coated plate respectively, and then, record their positions. It is recommended to measure each standard and sample in duplicate. Wash plate 2 times before adding standard, sample and control (zero) wells!
2.Add Sample and Biotin-detection antibody: Add 50‚µL of Standard, Blank, or Sample per well. The blank well is added with Sample / Standard dilution buffer. Immediately add 50 ‚µL of Biotin-detection antibody working solution to each well. Cover with the Plate sealer we provided. Gently tap the plate to ensure thorough mixing. Incubate for 45minutes at 37‚°C. (Solutions are added to the bottom of micro ELISA plate well, avoid inside wall touching and foaming to the best of your ability.)
3.Wash: Aspirate each well and wash, repeating the process three times Wash by filling each well with Wash Buffer (approximately 350‚µL) using a squirt bottle, multi-channel pipette, manifold dispenser or automated washer. Complete removal of liquid at each step is essential to good performance. After the last wash, remove any remaining Wash Buffer by aspirating or decanting. Invert the plate and pat it against thick clean absorbent paper.
4.HRP-Streptavidin Conjugate(SABC): Add 100‚µL of SABC working solution to each well. Cover with a new Plate sealer. Incubate for 30minutes at 37‚°C.
5.Wash: Repeat the aspiration/wash process for five times.
6.TMB Substrate: Add 90‚µL of TMB Substrate to each well. Cover with a new Plate sealer. Incubate for about 10-20 minutes at 37‚°C. Protect from light. The reaction time can be shortened or extended according to the actual color change, but not more than 30minutes. When apparent gradient appeared in standard wells, you can terminate the reaction.
7.Stop: Add 50‚µL of Stop Solution to each well. Color turn to yellow immediately. The adding order of stop solution should be as the same as the substrate solution.
8.OD Measurement: Determine the optical density (OD Value) of each well at once, using a microplate reader set to 450 nm. You should open the microplate reader ahead, preheat the instrument, and set the testing parameters.

Rat Acadm ELISA Kit components

96 Assays

Storage

ELISA Microplate(Dismountable)8×12 strips4°C for 6 months
Lyophilized Standard24°C/-20°C
Sample/Standard Dilution Buffer20ml4°C
Biotin-labeled Antibody(Concentrated)60ul4°C (Protect from light)
Antibody Dilution Buffer10ml4°C
HRP-Streptavidin Conjugate(SABC)120ul4°C (Protect from light)
SABC Dilution Buffer10ml4°C
TMB Substrate10ml4°C (Protect from light)
Stop Solution10ml4°C
Wash Buffer(25X)30ml4°C
Plate Sealer5 -

Other materials and equipment required:

The ELISA Genie Rat Acadm ELISA Kit will require other equipment and materials to carry out the assay. Please see list below for further details.
  • Microplate reader with 450 nm wavelength filter
  • Multichannel Pipette, Pipette, microcentrifuge tubes and disposable pipette tips
  • Incubator
  • Deionized or distilled water
  • Absorbent paper
  • Buffer resevoir

Sample Preparation

When carrying out an ELISA assay it is important to prepare your samples in order to achieve the best possible results. Below we have a list of procedures for the preparation of samples for different sample types.

Sample TypeProtocol

Serum

If using serum separator tubes, allow samples to clot for 30 minutes at room temperature. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Collect the serum fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.

If serum separator tubes are not being used, allow samples to clot overnight at 2-8°C. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Remove serum and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.

Plasma

Collect plasma using EDTA or heparin as an anticoagulant. Centrifuge samples at 4°C for 15 mins at 1000 × g within 30 mins of collection. Collect the plasma fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles. Note: Over haemolysed samples are not suitable for use with this kit.

Urine & Cerebrospinal Fluid

Collect the urine (mid-stream) in a sterile container, centrifuge for 20 mins at 2000-3000 rpm. Remove supernatant and assay immediately. If any precipitation is detected, repeat the centrifugation step. A similar protocol can be used for cerebrospinal fluid.

Cell culture supernatant

Collect the cell culture media by pipette, followed by centrifugation at 4°C for 20 mins at 1500 rpm. Collect the clear supernatant and assay immediately.

Cell lysates

Solubilize cells in lysis buffer and allow to sit on ice for 30 minutes. Centrifuge tubes at 14,000 x g for 5 minutes to remove insoluble material. Aliquot the supernatant into a new tube and discard the remaining whole cell extract. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.

Tissue homogenates

The preparation of tissue homogenates will vary depending upon tissue type. Rinse tissue with 1X PBS to remove excess blood & homogenize in 20ml of 1X PBS (including protease inhibitors) and store overnight at ≤ -20°C. Two freeze-thaw cycles are required to break the cell membranes. To further disrupt the cell membranes you can sonicate the samples. Centrifuge homogenates for 5 mins at 5000xg. Remove the supernatant and assay immediately or aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C.

Tissue lysates

Rinse tissue with PBS, cut into 1-2 mm pieces, and homogenize with a tissue homogenizer in PBS. Add an equal volume of RIPA buffer containing protease inhibitors and lyse tissues at room temperature for 30 minutes with gentle agitation. Centrifuge to remove debris. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.

Breast Milk

Collect milk samples and centrifuge at 10,000 x g for 60 min at 4°C. Aliquot the supernatant and assay. For long term use, store samples at -80°C. Minimize freeze/thaw cycles.

Rat Acadm ELISA Kit Protein Information

UniProt Protein Function:ACADM: This enzyme is specific for acyl chain lengths of 4 to 16
UniProt Protein Details:

Protein type:Amino Acid Metabolism - valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation; Carbohydrate Metabolism - propanoate; EC 1.3.8.7; Lipid Metabolism - fatty acid; Mitochondrial; Other Amino Acids Metabolism - beta-alanine; Oxidoreductase

NCBI Summary:catalyzes the alpha, beta-dehydrogenation of acyl-CoA esters in fatty acid metabolism [RGD, Feb 2006]
UniProt Code:P08503
NCBI GenInfo Identifier:292494885
NCBI Gene ID:24158
NCBI Accession:NP_058682.2
UniProt Related Accession:P08503
Molecular Weight:46,555 Da
NCBI Full Name:medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial
NCBI Synonym Full Names:acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, C-4 to C-12 straight chain
NCBI Official Symbol:Acadm  
NCBI Official Synonym Symbols:MCAD  
NCBI Protein Information:medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial
UniProt Protein Name:Medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial
Protein Family:Medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase
UniProt Gene Name:Acadm  
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Additional Information

Product type:
ELISA
Reactivity:
Rat
ELISA Type:
Competitive
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