Rat TR (Thrombin Receptor) ELISA Kit (RTES00797)
- Product type:
- ELISA Kit
- ELISA Type:
|Detection Range:||1.56-100 ng/mL|
|Sample Volume Required Per Well:||100µL|
|Sample Type:||Serum, plasma and other biological fluids|
|Specificity:||This kit recognizes Rat TR in samples. No significant cross-reactivity or interference between Rat TR and analogues was observed.|
This ELISA kit uses Sandwich-ELISA as the method. The micro ELISA plate provided in this kit has been pre-coated with an antibody specific to Rat TR. Standards or samples are added to the appropriate micro ELISA plate wells and combined with the specific antibody. Then a biotinylated detection antibody specific for Rat TR and Avidin-Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) conjugate are added to each micro plate well successively and incubated. Free components are washed away. The substrate solution is added to each well. Only those wells that contain Rat TR, biotinylated detection antibody and Avidin-HRP conjugate will appear blue in color. The enzyme-substrate reaction is terminated by adding Stop Solution and the color turns yellow. The optical density (OD) is measured spectrophotometrically at a wavelength of 450 nm ± 2 nm. The OD value is proportional to the concentration of Rat TR. The concentration of Rat TR in samples can be calculated by comparing the OD of the samples to the standard curve.
|UniProt Protein Function:||PAR1: a G-protein coupled high-affinity receptor for activated thrombin or trypsin. Coupled to G proteins that stimulate phosphoinositide hydrolysis. Coupled to G proteins that stimulate phosphoinositide hydrolysis. May play a role in platelet activation and in vascular development.|
|UniProt Protein Details:|
Protein type:Receptor, GPCR; GPCR, family 1; Membrane protein, integral; Membrane protein, multi-pass; Cell development/differentiation
Cellular Component: caveola; cell surface; cytosol; early endosome; integral to membrane; late endosome; neuromuscular junction; plasma membrane; postsynaptic membrane
Molecular Function:G-protein alpha-subunit binding; G-protein beta-subunit binding; G-protein coupled receptor activity; receptor binding; thrombin receptor activity
Biological Process: activation of MAPKK activity; blood coagulation; caspase activation; connective tissue replacement during inflammatory response; elevation of cytosolic calcium ion concentration; elevation of cytosolic calcium ion concentration during G-protein signaling, coupled to IP3 second messenger (phospholipase C activating); establishment of synaptic specificity at neuromuscular junction; G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway; G-protein signaling, coupled to IP3 second messenger (phospholipase C activating); homeostasis of number of cells within a tissue; inflammatory response; negative regulation of cell proliferation; negative regulation of glomerular filtration; negative regulation of neuron apoptosis; platelet activation; positive regulation of blood coagulation; positive regulation of calcium ion transport; positive regulation of caspase activity; positive regulation of cell migration; positive regulation of cell proliferation; positive regulation of collagen biosynthetic process; positive regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB cascade; positive regulation of JAK-STAT cascade; positive regulation of MAPKKK cascade; positive regulation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase cascade; positive regulation of release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol; positive regulation of Rho protein signal transduction; positive regulation of smooth muscle contraction; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; positive regulation of vasoconstriction; protein kinase C activation; regulation of blood coagulation; regulation of interleukin-1 beta production; regulation of sensory perception of pain; release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol; response to lipopolysaccharide; response to wounding; STAT protein nuclear translocation; tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT protein
|NCBI Summary:||plays a role in blood coagulation, inflammatory response, and cell proliferation; mediates signal transduction via MAP kinase and other signaling pathways [RGD, Feb 2006]|
|NCBI GenInfo Identifier:||135818|
|NCBI Gene ID:||25439|
|NCBI Accession:||P26824. 1|
|UniProt Related Accession:||P26824|
|Molecular Weight:||48,281 Da|
|NCBI Full Name:||Proteinase-activated receptor 1|
|NCBI Synonym Full Names:||coagulation factor II (thrombin) receptor|
|NCBI Official Symbol:||F2r|
|NCBI Official Synonym Symbols:||Par1; TRGPC|
|NCBI Protein Information:||proteinase-activated receptor 1|
|UniProt Protein Name:||Proteinase-activated receptor 1|
|UniProt Synonym Protein Names:||Thrombin receptor|
|Protein Family:||Proteinase-activated receptor|
|UniProt Gene Name:||F2r|
|UniProt Entry Name:||PAR1_RAT|
As the OD values of the standard curve may vary according to the conditions of the actual assay performance (e. g. operator, pipetting technique, washing technique or temperature effects), the operator should establish a standard curve for each test. Typical standard curve and data is provided below for reference only.
Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): 3 samples with low, mid range and high level Rat TR were tested 20 times on one plate, respectively.
Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays): 3 samples with low, mid range and high level Rat TR were tested on 3 different plates, 20 replicates in each plate.
|Intra-assay Precision||Inter-assay Precision|
|C V (%)||6.29||5.06||4.95||5.45||5.60||4.94|
The recovery of Rat TR spiked at three different levels in samples throughout the range of the assay was evaluated in various matrices.
|Sample Type||Range (%)||Average Recovery (%)|
|EDTA plasma (n=5)||85-96||91|
|Cell culture media (n=5)||92-106||100|
Samples were spiked with high concentrations of Rat TR and diluted with Reference Standard & Sample Diluent to produce samples with values within the range of the assay.
|Serum (n=5)||EDTA plasma (n=5)||Cell culture media (n=5)|
An unopened kit can be stored at 4°C for 1 month. If the kit is not used within 1 month, store the items separately according to the following conditions once the kit is received.
|Micro ELISA Plate(Dismountable)||8 wells ×12 strips||-20°C, 6 months|
|Reference Standard||2 vials|
|Concentrated Biotinylated Detection Ab (100×)||1 vial, 120 µL|
|Concentrated HRP Conjugate (100×)||1 vial, 120 µL||-20°C(shading light), 6 months|
|Reference Standard & Sample Diluent||1 vial, 20 mL||4°C, 6 months|
|Biotinylated Detection Ab Diluent||1 vial, 14 mL|
|HRP Conjugate Diluent||1 vial, 14 mL|
|Concentrated Wash Buffer (25×)||1 vial, 30 mL|
|Substrate Reagent||1 vial, 10 mL||4°C(shading light)|
|Stop Solution||1 vial, 10 mL||4°C|
|Plate Sealer||5 pieces|
|Product Description||1 copy|
|Certificate of Analysis||1 copy|
- Set standard, test sample and control (zero) wells on the pre-coated plate and record theirpositions. It is recommended to measure each standard and sample in duplicate. Note: addall solutions to the bottom of the plate wells while avoiding contact with the well walls. Ensuresolutions do not foam when adding to the wells.
- Aliquot 100µl of standard solutions into the standard wells.
- Add 100µl of Sample / Standard dilution buffer into the control (zero) well.
- Add 100µl of properly diluted sample (serum, plasma, tissue homogenates and otherbiological fluids) into test sample wells.
- Cover the plate with the sealer provided in the kit and incubate for 90 min at 37°C.
- Aspirate the liquid from each well, do not wash. Immediately add 100µL of BiotinylatedDetection Ab working solution to each well. Cover the plate with a plate seal and gently mix. Incubate for 1 hour at 37°C.
- Aspirate or decant the solution from the plate and add 350µL of wash buffer to each welland incubate for 1-2 minutes at room temperature. Aspirate the solution from each well andclap the plate on absorbent filter paper to dry. Repeat this process 3 times. Note: a microplatewasher can be used in this step and other wash steps.
- Add 100µL of HRP Conjugate working solution to each well. Cover with a plate seal andincubate for 30 min at 37°C.
- Aspirate or decant the solution from each well. Repeat the wash process for five times asconducted in step 7.
- Add 90µL of Substrate Reagent to each well. Cover with a new plate seal and incubate forapproximately 15 min at 37°C. Protect the plate from light. Note: the reaction time can beshortened or extended according to the actual color change, but not by more than 30min.
- Add 50 µL of Stop Solution to each well. Note: Adding the stop solution should be done inthe same order as the substrate solution.
- Determine the optical density (OD value) of each well immediately with a microplate readerset at 450 nm.