Human MTOR (Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR) ELISA Kit - Information
The Assay Genie Human MTOR (Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR) ELISA Kit can assay for Human MTOR in the following samples: serum, blood, plasma, cell culture supernatant and other related supernatants and tissues.How our Human MTOR (Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR) ELISA Kits Work?
The Assay Genie (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays) assay kits are designed for the quantitative measurement of analytes in a wide variety of samples. As today's scientists demand high quality consistent data for high impact journals, Assay Genie have developed our range of sensitive, fast and reliable ELISA kit assays to meet and exceed those demands. Our assay kits use a quantitative sandwich ELISA technique and each kit comes with highly specific antibodies pre-coated onto a 96-well microtiter plate.
At Assay Genie we understand the need for speed! Therefore, we have developed an ultra-fast protocol meaning you achieve your results rapidly. So, once you have prepared and plated your samples, blanks and standards, you simply incubate with a highly specific biotin-conjugated primary antibody and Avidin conjugated to Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) and incubate for the appropriate length of time. After washing the plate according to the protocol and addition of the TMB (3,3',5,5'-Tetramethylbenzidine) solution, the appearance of a blue colour should be detected due to an enzymatic reaction catalysed by HRP. Next step is the addition of the Stop Solution which terminates the HRP reaction and the blue colour turns yellow with the signal intensity measured on a plate reader at 450nm. The amount of bound Human MTOR is proportional to the signal generated by the reaction meaning the kit assay gives you a quantitative measurement of the analyte in your samples.
Human MTOR (Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR) ELISA Kit Data
|Product Code|| |
MTOR, Serine, threonine-protein kinase mTOR, Rapamycin target protein 1, Rapamycin target protein 1, RAPT1, Mechanistic target of rapamycin, Mammalian target of rapamycin, mTOR, FK506-binding protein 12-rapamycin complex-associated protein 1, FKBP12-rapamycin complex-associated protein, FRAP, FRAP1, FRAP2
|Detection method|| |
Sandwich ELISA, Double Antibody
This immunoassay kit allows for the in vitro quantitative determination of Human MTOR concentrations in serum plasma and other biological fluids.
4'C for 6 months
Matrices listed below were spiked with certain level of Human MTOR and the recovery rates were calculated by comparing the measured value to the expected amount of Human MTOR in samples.
The linearity of the kit was assayed by testing samples spiked with appropriate concentration of Human MTOR and their serial dilutions. The results were demonstrated by the percentage of calculated concentration to the expected.
For Research Use Only
Human MTOR (Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR) ELISA Kit Protocol
The below protocol is a sample protocol for Human MTOR (Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR) ELISA Kit using a biotinylated detection antibody and streptavidin-HRP. Sandwich ELISA Kits allow for the detection and quantification of an analyte in a sample by using known analyte concentrations as standards and plotting absorbance of known concentrations vs known standard concentrations. This allows the researcher to calculate the amount of Human MTOR Antibody present in their sample.
Before adding to wells, equilibrate the SABC working solution and TMB substrate for at least 30 min at 37°C. When diluting samples and reagents, they must be mixed completely and evenly. It is recommended to plot a standard curve for each test.
|1.||Set standard, test sample and control (zero) wells on the pre-coated plate respectively, and then, record their positions. It is recommended to measure each standard and sample in duplicate. Wash plate 2 times before adding standard, sample and control (zero) wells!|
|2.||Aliquot 0.1ml standard solutions into the standard wells.|
|3.||Add 0.1 ml of Sample / Standard dilution buffer into the control (zero) well.|
|4.||Add 0.1 ml of properly diluted sample ( Human serum, plasma, tissue homogenates and other biological fluids.) into test sample wells.|
|5.||Seal the plate with a cover and incubate at 37 °C for 90 min.|
|6.||Remove the cover and discard the plate content, clap the plate on the absorbent filter papers or other absorbent material. Do NOT let the wells completely dry at any time. Wash plate X2.|
|7.||Add 0.1 ml of Biotin- detection antibody working solution into the above wells (standard, test sample & zero wells). Add the solution at the bottom of each well without touching the side wall.|
|8.||Seal the plate with a cover and incubate at 37°C for 60 min.|
|9.||Remove the cover, and wash plate 3 times with Wash buffer. Let wash buffer rest in wells for 1 min between each wash.|
|10.||Add 0.1 ml of SABC working solution into each well, cover the plate and incubate at 37°C for 30 min.|
|11.||Remove the cover and wash plate 5 times with Wash buffer, and each time let the wash buffer stay in the wells for 1-2 min.|
|12.||Add 90 µl of TMB substrate into each well, cover the plate and incubate at 37°C in dark within 10-20 min. (Note: This incubation time is for reference use only, the optimal time should be determined by end user.) And the shades of blue can be seen in the first 3-4 wells (with most concentrated standard solutions), the other wells show no obvious color.|
|13.||Add 50 µl of Stop solution into each well and mix thoroughly. The color changes into yellow immediately.|
|14.||Read the O.D. absorbance at 450 nm in a microplate reader immediately after adding the stop solution.|
Human MTOR (Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR) ELISA Kit components
|ELISA Microplate (Dismountable)||8×12 strips||4°C for 6 months|
|Sample/Standard Dilution Buffer||20ml||4°C|
|Biotin-labeled Antibody(Concentrated)||120ul||4°C (Protect from light)|
|Antibody Dilution Buffer||10ml||4°C|
|HRP-Streptavidin Conjugate(SABC)||120ul||4°C (Protect from light)|
|SABC Dilution Buffer||10ml||4°C|
|TMB Substrate||10ml||4°C (Protect from light)|
Other materials and equipment required:The Assay Genie Human MTOR (Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR) ELISA Kit will require other equipment and materials to carry out the assay. Please see list below for further details.
- Microplate reader with 450 nm wavelength filter
- Multichannel Pipette, Pipette, microcentrifuge tubes and disposable pipette tips
- Deionized or distilled water
- Absorbent paper
- Buffer resevoir
When carrying out an ELISA assay it is important to prepare your samples in order to achieve the best possible results. Below we have a list of procedures for the preparation of samples for different sample types.
If using serum separator tubes, allow samples to clot for 30 minutes at room temperature. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Collect the serum fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.
If serum separator tubes are not being used, allow samples to clot overnight at 2-8°C. Centrifuge for 10 minutes at 1,000x g. Remove serum and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.
Collect plasma using EDTA or heparin as an anticoagulant. Centrifuge samples at 4°C for 15 mins at 1000 × g within 30 mins of collection. Collect the plasma fraction and assay promptly or aliquot and store the samples at -80°C. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles. Note: Over haemolysed samples are not suitable for use with this kit.
Urine & Cerebrospinal Fluid
Collect the urine (mid-stream) in a sterile container, centrifuge for 20 mins at 2000-3000 rpm. Remove supernatant and assay immediately. If any precipitation is detected, repeat the centrifugation step. A similar protocol can be used for cerebrospinal fluid.
Cell culture supernatant
Collect the cell culture media by pipette, followed by centrifugation at 4°C for 20 mins at 1500 rpm. Collect the clear supernatant and assay immediately.
Solubilize cells in lysis buffer and allow to sit on ice for 30 minutes. Centrifuge tubes at 14,000 x g for 5 minutes to remove insoluble material. Aliquot the supernatant into a new tube and discard the remaining whole cell extract. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.
The preparation of tissue homogenates will vary depending upon tissue type. Rinse tissue with 1X PBS to remove excess blood & homogenize in 20ml of 1X PBS (including protease inhibitors) and store overnight at ≤ -20°C. Two freeze-thaw cycles are required to break the cell membranes. To further disrupt the cell membranes you can sonicate the samples. Centrifuge homogenates for 5 mins at 5000xg. Remove the supernatant and assay immediately or aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C.
Rinse tissue with PBS, cut into 1-2 mm pieces, and homogenize with a tissue homogenizer in PBS. Add an equal volume of RIPA buffer containing protease inhibitors and lyse tissues at room temperature for 30 minutes with gentle agitation. Centrifuge to remove debris. Quantify total protein concentration using a total protein assay. Assay immediately or aliquot and store at ≤ -20 °C.
Collect milk samples and centrifuge at 10,000 x g for 60 min at 4°C. Aliquot the supernatant and assay. For long term use, store samples at -80°C. Minimize freeze/thaw cycles.
Human MTOR Protein Information
|UniProt Protein Function:||mTOR: an atypical kinase belonging to the PIKK family of kinases. Is the catalytic subunit of two protein complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2. mTORC1 activates S6K and inactivates 4E-BP1, up-regulating protein synthesis. mTORC1 contains Raptor, a positive regulatory subunit and scaffold for recruiting substrates, two negative regulators, PRAS40 and DEPTOR, and mLST8; it is a target for the cell-cycle arrest and immunosuppressive effects of the FKBP12-rapamycin complex. mTORC2, a downstream effector of PI3K, is insensitive to rapamycin and activates Akt by phosphorylating a key activation site. mTORC2 contains regulatory subunits Rictor and mSIN1, PROTOR, mLST8, and the negative regulator DEPTOR. mTORC1 suppresses PI3K activity via a strong negative feedback loop that involves S6K1. Inhibiting mTORC1 ablates this negative feedback loop and potentiates PI3K signaling. Known inhibitors of mTOR include rapamycin, temsirolimus (CCI-779).|
|UniProt Protein Details:|
Protein type:Protein kinase, atypical; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Protein kinase, Ser/Thr (non-receptor); Autophagy; EC 18.104.22.168; Kinase, protein; ATYPICAL group; PIKK family; FRAP subfamily
Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 1p36.2
Cellular Component: cell soma; cytoplasm; cytosol; dendrite; endomembrane system; endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Golgi membrane; lysosomal membrane; lysosome; membrane; mitochondrial outer membrane; nucleoplasm; phosphoinositide 3-kinase complex; PML body; TORC2 complex
Molecular Function:ATP binding; drug binding; kinase activity; phosphoprotein binding; protein binding; protein domain specific binding; protein kinase binding; protein serine/threonine kinase activity; ribosome binding
Biological Process: 'de novo' pyrimidine base biosynthetic process; brain development; cardiac muscle cell development; cardiac muscle contraction; cell aging; cell cycle arrest; cell growth; cellular response to nutrient levels; DNA repair; energy reserve metabolic process; epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway; fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway; gene expression; germ cell development; growth; heart morphogenesis; innate immune response; insulin receptor signaling pathway; long-term memory; macroautophagy; maternal process involved in pregnancy; mRNA stabilization; multicellular organism growth; negative regulation of autophagy; negative regulation of cell size; negative regulation of muscle atrophy; negative regulation of NFAT protein import into nucleus; negative regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; negative regulation of protein ubiquitination; nerve growth factor receptor signaling pathway; peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; peptidyl-threonine phosphorylation; phosphoinositide-mediated signaling; phosphorylation; positive regulation of actin filament polymerization; positive regulation of endothelial cell proliferation; positive regulation of lipid biosynthetic process; positive regulation of neuron maturation; positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process; positive regulation of oligodendrocyte differentiation; positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation; positive regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling cascade; positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation; positive regulation of stress fiber formation; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase III promoter; positive regulation of translation; post-embryonic development; protein amino acid autophosphorylation; protein amino acid phosphorylation; protein catabolic process; regulation of actin cytoskeleton organization and biogenesis; regulation of carbohydrate utilization; regulation of fatty acid beta-oxidation; regulation of glycogen biosynthetic process; regulation of GTPase activity; regulation of myelination; regulation of osteoclast differentiation; regulation of protein kinase activity; regulation of response to food; response to amino acid stimulus; response to cocaine; response to morphine; response to nutrient; response to stress; ruffle organization and biogenesis; signal transduction; social behavior; spinal cord development; T cell costimulation; TOR signaling pathway; transcription initiation from RNA polymerase II promoter; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway; visual learning; voluntary musculoskeletal movement; wound healing
|NCBI Summary:||The protein encoded by this gene belongs to a family of phosphatidylinositol kinase-related kinases. These kinases mediate cellular responses to stresses such as DNA damage and nutrient deprivation. This protein acts as the target for the cell-cycle arrest and immunosuppressive effects of the FKBP12-rapamycin complex. The ANGPTL7 gene is located in an intron of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2008]|
|NCBI GenInfo Identifier:||1169735|
|NCBI Gene ID:||2475|
|UniProt Secondary Accession:||P42345,Q4LE76, Q5TER1, Q6LE87, Q96QG3, Q9Y4I3,|
|UniProt Related Accession:||P42345|
|Molecular Weight:||288,892 Da|
|NCBI Full Name:||Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR|
|NCBI Synonym Full Names:||mechanistic target of rapamycin|
|NCBI Official Symbol:||MTOR|
|NCBI Official Synonym Symbols:||SKS; FRAP; FRAP1; FRAP2; RAFT1; RAPT1|
|NCBI Protein Information:||serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR|
|UniProt Protein Name:||Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR|
|UniProt Synonym Protein Names:||FK506-binding protein 12-rapamycin complex-associated protein 1; FKBP12-rapamycin complex-associated protein; Mammalian target of rapamycin; mTOR; Mechanistic target of rapamycin; Rapamycin and FKBP12 target 1; Rapamycin target protein 1|
|Protein Family:||Serine/threonine-protein kinase|
|UniProt Gene Name:||MTOR|
|UniProt Entry Name:||MTOR_HUMAN|